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Fagus grandifolia Ehrhart var. grandifolia . Subgenus: Fagus. Section: Grandifolia. Gray Beech, Red Beech, American Beech. Phen: Apr-May; Sep-Oct. Hab: Moderate to high elevation forests, especially on high elevation ridges, gaps, and open slopes, often forming clonal dwarfed thickets in the most exposed situations. Dist: NS, NB, and s. QC west to s. ON and n. MI, south to VA, w. NC, n. GA, e. TN, and n. OH.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: "Red beech" is alleged to differ from "gray beech" in having the involucral segments not covering the nutlets at maturity. Hardin & Johnson (1985), Hardin (1985), and Shen (1992) pointed out that var. mexicana (Martínez) Little, of the mountains of México, is apparently more closely related to our montane variety or phase than to the lower elevation variety or phase.

Synonymy: = C, F, G, Elias (1971a); = Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. ssp. grandifolia – Shen (1992); < Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. – FNA3, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Cooper & Mercer (1977); < Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. ssp. grandifolia – Govaerts & Frodin (1998)

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Milo Pyne, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Milo Pyne source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷ Warning: was NOT research grade.
image of plantno rights reserved, uploaded by John Kees source CC0 | Original Image ⭷ Warning: was NOT research grade.

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