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Quercus ilicifolia Wangenheim. Subgenus: Quercus. Section: Lobatae. Subsection: Phellos. Bear Oak, Scrub Oak. Phen: Late Apr-Jun; Aug (of the second year). Hab: Xeric soils in ridges in the Mountains and monadnocks in the upper Piedmont, pine-oak / heath woodlands, shale barrens, other dry and acidic sites. Dist: Primarily Appalachian: s. ME south to w. VA, w. NC, and e. KY. In NC this scrubby oak is rare and probably declining because of fire suppression (Barden 1985), though recent ice storms have opened the tree canopy at several of its NC sites. The occurrence of Q. ilicifolia in KY was confirmed at the Devil's Teatable, Floyd County (Clark et al. 1997).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = C, F, FNA3, G, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tat, Va, W, WV; = Quercus nana (Marshall) Sarg. – S13

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Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Andrew Lane Gibson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Andrew Lane Gibson source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷

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