Data mode


Sign up

Copy permalink to share

Euphorbia commutata Engelmann ex A. Gray. Woodland Spurge, Tinted Spurge. Phen: Mar-Jul. Hab: Rich forests and rock outcrops, over calcareous or mafic rocks. Dist: PA west to s. ON and MN, south to ne. and Panhandle FL and ne. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: The southern var. erecta J.B.S. Norton may be worthy of recognition; we have both it and the typic var. commutata in our region. Var. erecta (ranging north to VA, KY, and MO) has all the cauline leaves oblanceolate and with petioles 5-12 mm long; var. commutata has leaves varying from oblanceolate to obovate or ovate, the upper leaves usually broad and sessile.

Synonymy: = Ar, F, Fl2, FNA12, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV, Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000), Mayfield (2013); > Euphorbia commutata Engelm. ex A.Gray var. commutata – C, G; > Euphorbia commutata Engelm. ex A.Gray var. erecta Norton – C, G; > Galarhoeus austrinus – S; > Galarhoeus commutatus (Engelm.) Small – S; > Tithymalus austrinus Small – S13; > Tithymalus commutatus (Engelm.) Klotzsch & Garcke var. commutatus – S13; > Tithymalus commutatus (Engelm.) Klotzsch & Garcke var. erecta (Norton) Small – S13

Show in key(s)

Show parent genus

Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: UPL
  • Northcentral & Northeast: UPL

Heliophily: 3

Your browser does not support SVGs

Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map for definition or see the legend.

image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG
image of plant© Shaun Pogacnik, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Shaun Pogacnik source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Floyd A. Griffith | Original Image ⭷


See something wrong or missing on about Euphorbia commutata? Let us know here: (Please include your name and email if at all complicated so we can clarify if needed.)

Cite as...