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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Linnaeus) Sprengel. Bearberry, Kinnikinick. Phen: Late Apr-Jun; early Aug-Oct (and persisting). Hab: High elevation granitic outcrop (VA); Coastal Plain pitch pine woodlands and sandy barrens (DE and NJ); ridgeline and NW-facing shale outcrops (MD and WV). Dist: Circumboreal, ranging in North America from NL (Labrador) west to AK, south to DE, n. VA, WV (Hampshire County – Vanderhorst et al. 2013), n. IN, IL, IA, SD, NM, AZ, and CA; disjunct in Guatemala. The MD occurrence (Allegany County) is reported by Knapp et al. (2011); the WV occurrence by Vanderhorst et al. (2013).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Following Rosatti (1987), A. uva-ursi is here treated broadly, as a complex species not readily divisible into infraspecific taxa. Modern study is needed.

Synonymy: = C, FNA8, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Va, W, Luteyn et al (1996), Rosatti (1987b); = n/a – Tat; > Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. ssp. coactilis (Fernald & J.F.Macbr.) Á.Löve, D.Löve, & B.M.Kapoor – Il, Pa; > Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. adenotricha Fernald & J.F.Macbr. – F; > Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. coactilis Fernald & J.F.Macbr. – F, G, GrPl; > Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. var. uva-ursi – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: UPL
  • Great Plains: UPL
  • Midwest: UPL
  • Northcentral & Northeast: UPL

Heliophily: 8

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷


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