Mitchella repens Linnaeus. Phen: May-Jul; Jun-Jul. Hab: Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs and hummocks in bottomlands and other wetter habitats. Dist: NS west to MN, south to c. peninsular FL and TX; disjunct in montane Mexico (CAM, CHP, GRO, HGO, NLE, OAX, PUE, QRO, SLP, TAM, VER) and Guatemala.
ID notes:This species has paired, dimorphic flowers -- one with a short pistil and long stamens, the other with a long pistil and short stamens. Both of the flowers, with basally fused ovaries, must be pollinated to produce the single red "berry". A close look at the fruit shows the summit of the two ovaries.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Other Comments: Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascending habit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.
Synonymy: = Ar, C, F, Fl5, G, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, Meso4.2, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV, Huang et al (2013), Rogers (2005)