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*Verbena brasiliensis Vellozo. Brazilian Vervain. Phen: May-Oct. Hab: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields, clearings. Dist: Native of South America.

Origin/Endemic status: South America

Synonymy: = Ar, C, F, Fl6, G, GW2, K1, K3, K4, RAB, S, Tn, Va, WH3, Nesom (2010b), Nesom (2010c), Verloove (2011); = Verbena litoralis Kunth var. brevibracteata (Kuntze) N.O'Leary – O’Leary, Múlgara, & Morrone (2007); > Verbena brasiliensis Vell. – Tx; > Verbena litoralis Kunth – Il, Tx

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Midwest: FACU

Heliophily: 7

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷


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