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Verbena carnea Medikus. Carolina Vervain. Phen: Apr-Jul. Hab: Sandy woodlands, longleaf pine sandhills. Dist: E. NC (se. VA?) south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: Verbena carnea is sometimes placed in a monotypic genus, Stylodon Rafinesque, but apparently evolved from within Verbena. See discussion in Nesom (2010b, 2010e).

Synonymy: = F, Fl6, K3, K4, RAB; = Stylodon carneum – WH3, orthographic variant; = Stylodon carneus (Medik.) Moldenke – K1, Tx; = Stylodon carolinensis (Walter) Small – S; = Verbena caroliniana Michx.

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Will Stuart | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Stylodon carneus, Francis Marion National Forest, Berkeley County, South Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷