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Hepatica P. Miller. Subfamily: Ranunculoideae. Tribe: Anemoneae. Hepatica, Liverleaf.

Key to Hepatica

A genus of 7-12 species, perennial herbs, of Eurasia and e. North America. Although Hoot, Meyer, & Manning (2012), Hoot, Reznicek, & Palmer (1994), and others argued that Hepatica should be included in Anemone, a series of later papers cast doubt on that course; it now seems best to leave (or return) Hepatica to generic rank, pending additional research.

Ref: Dutton, Keener, & Ford (1997) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1997); Hoot, Meyer, & Manning (2012); Hoot, Reznicek, & Palmer (1994); Jiang et al. (2017); Steyermark & Steyermark (1960). Show full citations.

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Hepatica americana | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Hepatica acutiloba | Original Image ⭷