Data mode


Sign up

Copy permalink to share

Monotropa Linnaeus. Ghost Pipes, Indian Pipes.

Key to Monotropa

A genus of 3 or more species, mycoheterotrophic herbs, of North America, Central America, South America, and e. Asia. Monotropa has a primary fungal associate with the basidiomycete Russula. The segregation of Monotropa, Hypopitys, and Monotropsis into the Monotropaceae or their inclusion in the Ericaceae has sometimes been controversial. Their inclusion in the Ericaceae has been defended (Kron & Chase 1993, Judd & Kron 1993) and as become the consensus position (APG IV), but as a monophyletic clade sister to a narrower Ericaceae, family level recognition is a credible alternative.

Ref: Bidartondo & Bruns (2001); Judd & Kron (1993); Keesling (2020); Keesling, Broe, & Freudenstein (2021); Kron & Chase (1993); Stevens et al. In Kubitzki et al. (2004); Wallace (1975); Wallace (2009a) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2009). Show full citations.

Show in key(s)

Show parent family

Show species in Monotropa

Your browser does not support SVGs

Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map for definition or see the legend. Data for arrows not developed for genera and families which may have species only occurring outside the flora area.

image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Monotropa uniflora | Original Image ⭷


See something wrong or missing on about Monotropa? Let us know here: (Please include your name and email if at all complicated so we can clarify if needed.)

Cite as...