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Viola chalcosperma Brainerd. Section: Nosphinium. Subsection: Borealiamericanae. Jacksonville Violet. Hab: Moist soils bordering swamps. Dist: Jacksonville, FL (type locality); may be more widespread in ne. FL than the type locality suggests.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: Long subsumed under V. edulis but distinct in foliage, floral, fruit and seed features.

Synonymy: = S13, Ballard, Kartesz, & Nishino (2023); < Viola affinis Leconte – K3; < Viola palmata L. – Fl2; < Viola sororia Willd. – FNA6

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FAC (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC (taxonomic lump from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 3

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