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Smilax bona-nox Linnaeus var. bona-nox . clade: B5. Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbriar, Catbriar, Tramp's-trouble. Phen: Late Apr-May; Sep-Nov. Hab: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides. Dist: MD and MO south to s. FL and TX; also in e. and s. Mexico.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: The Mexican material is provisionally assigned here; study is needed.

Synonymy: = K3, K4, Coker (1944), Sorrie (2014a); < Smilax bona-nox L. – C, ETx1, FNA26, G, GW1, K1, Meso6, Mo1, NcTx, RAB, S, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, Bullard & Allen (2013), Judd (1998); > Smilax bona-nox L. – S13; > Smilax bona-nox L. var. bona-nox – F, Il, Tat; > Smilax bona-nox L. var. exauriculata Fernald – F; > Smilax bona-nox L. var. hastata (Willd.) A.DC. – F; > Smilax bona-nox L. var. hederaefolia (Beyr.) Fernald – F, Il, Tat; > Smilax renifolia Small – S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (name change)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 5

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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