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Smilax glauca Walter. clade: B5. Whiteleaf Greenbriar, Wild Sarsaparilla. Phen: Late Apr-early Jun; Sep-Nov (and persisting). Hab: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides, uncommon in wetlands. One of the most ubiquitous plants in our region, and remarkable for its ecological amplitude. Dist: NJ, c. PA, OH, IN, MO, and KS, south to c. peninsular FL and TX, and also in e. and s. Mexico.

ID notes:A distinctive Smilax with pale (glaucous) lower leaf surface.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Ar, C, ETx1, FNA26, GW1, K3, K4, Meso6, Mo1, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Va, W, WH3, Bullard & Allen (2013), Coker (1944), Judd (1998); > Smilax glauca Walter var. glauca – F, G, Il, K1, Tx, WV; > Smilax glauca Walter var. leurophylla Blake – F, G, Il, K1, Tx, WV

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: UPL
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily: 6

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Smilax glauca (male flowers), Laurens County, Georgia 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷


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