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Cyperus odoratus Linnaeus var. odoratus . Fragrant Flatsedge. Phen: Jul-Sep. Hab: Low fields, marshes, ditches, sandbars. Dist: Pantropical, north in North America to MA, se. ME, ON, MN, KS, NM, AZ, and CA.

ID notes:This is a widespread, weedy and highly polymorphic species, frequently confused with the equally common, widespread, and variable C. erythrorhizos and C. strigosus. In addition to the rachilla characters given in the main key, C. strigosus has cormose culm bases (vs. annual with fibrous roots) and spikelets with longer [3.2-4.5 mm vs. (2.0-) 2.2-2.8 (-3.2) mm] scales that are initially quadrangular, becoming strongly compressed at maturity; differences from C. erythrorhizos are discussed under that species.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: C. macrocephalus Liebm. and C. eggersii Boeckeler are striking in the field and sometimes recognized, occurring in our area in s. TX. C. macrocephalus is distinguished by inflorescences congested into a single globose capitate cluster 2-3 cm in diam., ellipsoid (vs. oblong) achenes, and sharply trigonous culms; C. eggersii by penicillate spikes with very densely fascicled, erect-appressed spikelets (vs. looser spikes, the spikelets spaced out along the rachis and divaricate).

Synonymy: = Va; = Cyperus odoratus L. – G, GW1, Mi, Pa; > Cyperus ferax Rich. – S; > Cyperus ferruginescens Boeckeler – F, RAB; > Cyperus longispicatus Norton – S; > Cyperus macrocephalus Liebm. – Tx; < Cyperus odoratus L. – Ar, C, ETx1, FNA23, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mex, Mo1, NcTx, NE, NY, Tn, W, WH3; > Cyperus odoratus L. – F, RAB, Tx; > Cyperus odoratus L. var. odoratus – Tucker & Gandhi (2019); > Cyperus odoratus L. var. squarrosus (Britton) S.D.Jones, Wipff, & R.Carter – Tucker & Gandhi (2019); > Cyperus speciosus Vahl – S; < Torulinum confertum Desv. ex Ham. – Bah

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Aidan Campos source
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷

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