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Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michaux) Fée. Broad Beech Fern. Phen: Apr-Aug. Hab: Mesic to submesic hardwood forests. Dist: QC west to ON, WI, and MN, south to Panhandle FL and e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Ar, Fl1, FNA2, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mo1, NE, NY, Pa, Sf, Tat, Tn, TxFerns, Va, WH3, WV, Fawcett & Smith (2021), Gilman (2020), Patel, Fawcett, & Gilman (2019); = Dryopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) C.Chr. – F, S13; = Thelypteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Weath. – C, G, RAB, Tx, W

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC
  • Great Plains: FAC
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily: 2

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Phegopteris hexagonoptera, Milksick Mountain, White County, Tennessee 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷


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