Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Actaea racemosa Linnaeus. Section: Actaea. Common Black-cohosh, Early Black-cohosh. Phen: May-Aug. Hab: Rich cove forests, other mesic and moderately to very fertile forests. Dist: Primarily Appalachian: w. MA south to SC and c. GA, but extending e. into the Coastal Plain and west to OH, IN, MO, and AR.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, K3, K4, Mi, Mo3, NE, NY, Pa, Va; = Cimicifuga racemosa – C, F, FNA3, Il, RAB, S, Tn, W; > Actaea racemosa var. dissecta – K1, Compton, Culham, & Jury (1998); > Actaea racemosa var. racemosa – K1, Compton, Culham, & Jury (1998); < Cimicifuga racemosa – G, (also see C. rubifolia); >< Cimicifuga racemosa var. cordifolia – F, misapplied in part; > Cimicifuga racemosa var. racemosa – F

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image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins