Actaea racemosa Linnaeus. Section: Actaea. Phen: May-Aug. Hab: Rich cove forests, other mesic and moderately to very fertile forests. Dist: Primarily Appalachian: w. MA south to SC and c. GA, but extending e. into the Coastal Plain and west to OH, IN, MO, and AR.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Taxonomy Comments: Var. dissecta appears to be a sporadically occurring form, apparently always occurring in small numbers associated with typical material; McCoy (2004) reports its collection in NC.
Synonymy: = Ar, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, Va; = Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. – C, F, FNA3, Il, RAB, S, Tn, W; > Actaea racemosa L. var. dissecta (A.Gray) J.Compton – K1, Compton, Culham, & Jury (1998); > Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa – K1, Compton, Culham, & Jury (1998); < Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. – G, (also see C. rubifolia); >< Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. var. cordifolia (Pursh) Gray – F, misapplied in part; > Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. var. racemosa – F