*Pinus pinaster Aiton. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Pinus. Subsection: Pinaster. Hab: Planted and naturalized on barrier islands. Dist: Native of Mediterranean Europe. P. pinaster is reported by Brown (1959) to be "introduced from Mediterranean region and planted on sand-flats in vicinity of Corolla, Currituck Banks, Bodie and Hatteras Island 1936-1940…". Now producing seeds and becoming naturalized near Cape Hatteras Lighthouse.
Origin/Endemic status: Mediterranean Europe and Africa
Other Comments: More resistant to salt spray than native pines" (Brown 1959). Graetz (1973) discusses its use on the Outer Banks and concludes that it is "not as well adapted to inclement beach conditions as Japanese black pine". P. pinaster is conspicuous just south of Nags Head on NC Highway 12 (Dare County, NC), and farther south at Bodie Island Lighthouse (Dare County, NC), on Ocracoke Island (Hyde County, NC), and elsewhere.
Synonymy: = K1, K3, K4; = n/a – FNA2, RAB