Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition

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PINACEAE

Pinus pungens Lambert. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Trifoliae. Subsection: Australes. Table Mountain Pine, Bur Pine, Prickly Pine, Hickory Pine. Phen: May; Sep-Oct. Hab: Dry ridges, cliffs, shale barrens, usually requiring fire for its reproduction, occurring at least up to 1550 m. Dist: A Central and Southern Appalachian endemic: n. NJ, through se. PA, w. MD, WV, w. VA, w. NC, and e. TN to nw. SC and ne. GA. Occasionally planted outside its natural distribution, as in NY.

ID notes: Pinus pungens has a distinctive habit as compared to other "fire pines" with which it often grows (Pinus rigida, Pinus echinata, Pinus virginiana). While most pines develop a gnarled crown of twisted and repeatedly forking branches with cones scattered throughout, P. pungens tends to have long, straight, nearly horizontal branches with whorls of cones.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = C, F, FNA2, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Price (1989)

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image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming