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Hamamelis virginiana Linnaeus var. virginiana . Northern Witch-hazel. Phen: Sep-Dec; Oct-Nov (of the following year). Hab: Moist to dryish forests. Dist: QC and NS west to n. MI and MN, south to FL and TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: The bark is still gathered in large quantities in the Southern Appalachians as the source for witch hazel liniment. The name ‘witch-hazel’ alludes to its superficial resemblance to Corylus, the true hazel, and to the ‘perversity’ of its flowering in the fall as it drops its leaves.

Synonymy: = Va, Jenne (1966), Lane (2005); < Hamamelis virginiana L. – Ar, C, Fl2, FNA3, G, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Tx, W, WH3, WV; > Hamamelis virginiana L. var. parvifolia Nutt. – F; > Hamamelis virginiana L. var. virginiana – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (name change)
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷

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