Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Tsuga caroliniana Engelmann. Carolina Hemlock. Phen: Mar-Apr; Aug-Sep. Hab: Primarily in open forests on ridge tops, rocky bluffs, or gorge walls, generally in drier and rockier sites than T. canadensis, but the two sometimes growing in close proximity or even intermixed in humid gorges; very limited in the western Piedmont, apparently reaching its eastern limit in NC at Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County, and ranging east to Halifax County in the Piedmont of VA. Dist: T. caroliniana is a rather narrow Southern Appalachian endemic, occurring only in w. NC, e. TN, sw. and sc. VA, nw. SC, and ne. GA

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = C, F, FNA2, G, K1, K3, K4, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, Price (1989)

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image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© J.W. Hardin
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware