Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Lupinus perennis Linnaeus var. perennis . Northern Sundial Lupine. Phen: Apr-May; Jun-Jul. Hab: Longleaf pine sandhills, sandy roadsides, other dry (and usually sandy and nutrient-poor) habitats. Dist: ME west to MN, south to n. SC, w. VA, e. WV, IN, and IL.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Lupinus perennis – S; = Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis – K3, NE, NY, SE3; < Lupinus perennis – C, G, RAB, Va, W; > Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis var. occidentalis – K1; > Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis var. perennis – K1; > Lupinus perennis var. occidentalis – F, Il, Mi, WV; > Lupinus perennis var. perennis – F, Mi, WV, Isely (1998)

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image of plant© Emily Oglesby | Original Image ⭷