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Crataegus viridis Linnaeus var. viridis . Green Hawthorn, Greenhaw. Phen: Late Mar-late Apr; Sep-Nov. Hab: Swamps, bottomland forests, alluvial woodlands, streamsides, wet flatwoods, and uplands where soils are often basic to calcareous. Dist: MD to n. FL, w. MO, c. TX; absent or rare on Appalachian Plateau.

ID notes: One of our largest hawthorn species, frequently reaching treelike proportions (5-10 m tall, trunk 10-40 cm diameter). The orange-red fruits often persist on the bare branches into winter, sometimes until the following spring. Bark of the trunk is usually mottled with patterns of gray, reddish-brown, and greenish-gray coloration, due to the dehiscing layers of scales and plates.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = F, FNA9, G, K1, K3, Lance (2014); > Crataegus interior Beadle – S13; > Crataegus penita Beadle – K1, S13; < Crataegus viridis L. – Ar, C, Il, NcTx, RAB, S, Tat, Tn, W; > Crataegus viridis L. – S13; > Crataegus vulsa Beadle – K1, S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (name change)
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷

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