Emblica urinaria (Linnaeus) R.W. Bouman. Chamber Bitter, Gripeweed. Phen: (Jan-) Mar-Nov (-Dec). Hab: Gardens, roadsides, and other disturbed ground, apparently preferring nitrogen-rich or fertilized soils. Dist: Native of tropical South and Southeast Asia, now widespread in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. This species appeared in the 1940s to 1960s in FL, GA, AL, LA, TX, and NC, and in the 1970s in TN (Kral (1981). Reported for MO by Freeman & Morse (2019).
Origin/Endemic status: E. and se. Asia
Syn: = n/a – C, RAB; = Phyllanthus urinaria L. ssp. urinaria – Ar, FNA12, NY, Govaerts, Frodin, & Radcliffe-Smith (2000), Rossignol, Rossignol, & Haicour (1987); < Emblica urinaria (L.) R.W.Bouman – Bouman et al (2022); < Phyllanthus urinaria L. – Fl2, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, Tx, WH3, Webster (1970)