Viola palmata Linnaeus var. palmata . Phen: (Feb-) Mar-Apr. Hab: Drier to dry sandy, sandy loam in dry oak and oak-pine woods and dry to dry-mesic savannas and closed forests, on slopes and bluffs. Dist: ME west to WI, south to FL, AL, MS, LA, and TX. Widespread at lower elevations of Piedmont and Coastal Plain in southeastern U.S, and Lower Midwest.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Syn: = Ballard () (in prep); = Viola palmata – Ar, Mo3, NcTx, NE, Pa, Tn, Va, Haines (2001), McKinney & Russell (2002); < Viola ×palmata – K1; < Viola palmata – WH3; >< Viola palmata – F, G, S, W; < Viola palmata var. palmata – C, FNA6, Il; > Viola palmata var. palmata – K3, RAB, Tx, WV; ? Viola triloba – S; > Viola triloba var. triloba – F, G