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Viola rotundifolia Michaux. Section: Chamaemelanium. Roundleaf Yellow Violet, Early Yellow Violet. Phen: Chasmogamous flower Mar-May; chasmogamous fruit Apr-Jun; cleistogamous fruit Jul-Sep. Hab: Rich to acidic coves and other moist forests. Dist: ME to s. ON, south to w. NC, n. GA, and e. TN.

ID notes: Unmistakable in its large leaves flattened against the ground.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = C, F, FNA6, G, K1, K3, K4, NE, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Va, W, WV, Ballard () (in prep), Ballard, Kartesz, & Nishino (2023), Haines (2001), McKinney & Russell (2002)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC
  • Midwest: FAC
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC

Heliophily ?: 2

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Armin Weise CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Armin Weise CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷

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