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Magnolia pyramidata Bartram. Subgenus: Magnolia. Section: Tuliparia. Pyramid Magnolia. Phen: Apr-May; Aug. Hab: Mesic hammocks, mesic forests, especially of bluffs and ravines. Dist: A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: c. SC south to Panhandle FL, west to e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: Sometimes treated as a variety or subspecies of M. fraseri, to which it is clearly closely related, but the distributional and morphological differences are discrete and specific status seems warranted.

Synonymy: = Fl2, FNA3, K1, K3, K4, RAB, S, S13, WH3, Hardin & Jones (1989); = Magnolia fraseri Walter ssp. pyramidata (Bartram) A.E.Murray – Tobe (1998); = Magnolia fraseri Walter var. pyramidata (Bartram) Pamp. – Frodin & Govaerts (1996), Spongberg (1998); = n/a – C, F; = Paramagnolia fraseri (Walter) Sima & S.G.Lu var. pyramidata (W.Bartram) Sima & S.G.Lu – Sima & Lu (2012); > Magnolia fraseri Walter – Tx, misapplied; > Magnolia pyramidata Bartram – Tx

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 3

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image of plant© Mac H. Alford | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷


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