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Magnolia tripetala (Linnaeus) Linnaeus. Subgenus: Magnolia. Section: Rytidospermum. Umbrella Magnolia, Umbrella-tree. Phen: Apr-May; Jul-Oct. Hab: Mesic forests, ravines. Dist: Centered in the Southern Appalachians, but avoiding higher elevations, and therefore occurring primarily "around" the Blue Ridge; ranging from sc. and sw. PA, s. OH, s. IN south to SC, GA, Panhandle FL (Tobe 2007), AL, and MS; also disjunct in the Ouachita Mountains of c. AR and e. OK.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: Most closely related to several e. Asian species.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, F, Fl2, FNA3, G, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV, Frodin & Govaerts (1996), Hardin & Jones (1989), Spongberg (1998), Tobe (1998); = Houpoea tripetala (L.) Sima & S.G.Lu – Sima & Lu (2012); = n/a – Tat

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FAC
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily: 3

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷


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