Sarracenia purpurea Linnaeus var. montana Schnell & Determann. Phen: May; Jul. Hab: Mountain bogs, seepage bogs, cataract bogs. Dist: Var. montana is restricted to a few dozen populations in the Blue Ridge Mountains of sw. NC (south of Asheville), nw. SC, and ne. GA (Rabun County) and the adjacent Piedmont of w. NC (Iredell and Alexander counties) and nw. SC.
Origin/Endemic status: Endemic
Other Comments: These montane populations (in sw. NC, nw. SC, and ne. GA) show some consistent differences and appear to warrant taxonomic distinction (Schnell & Determann 1997); further study is warranted. For those tolerant of quadrinomial taxonomy, plants in our area can be called S. purpurea ssp. venosa (Rafinesque) Fernald var. montana Schnell & Determann. Allozyme studies by Godt and Hamrick (1999) show striking genetic differences between var. montana, var. purpurea, var. venosa and the Gulf Coast var. burkii, supporting their taxonomic recognition. In fact, the genetic differentiation is greater than that between taxa in the S. rubra complex.
Synonymy: = Sarracenia purpurea L. ssp. venosa (Raf.) Wherry var. montana Schnell & Determann – K1, K3, K4, McPherson & Schnell (2011), Schnell & Determann (1997); < Sarracenia purpurea L. – GW2, RAB, S, W, Bell (1949), Wood (1960); < Sarracenia purpurea L. ssp. purpurea – FNA8; < Sarracenia purpurea L. var. purpurea – Reveal (1993)