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Ilex cassine Linnaeus. clade: Clade D3. Dahoon, Cassena. Phen: May-Jun; Oct-Nov. Hab: Blackwater stream swamps, pocosins, nearly always in very acid peaty or sandy sites. Dist: Primarily a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. NC south to s. FL and west to se. TX; Bahamas, Cuba (González-Gutiérrez 2007), and Mexico.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: I. cassine is variable in leaf shape, sometimes approaching I. myrtifolia. Some populations in our area show intergradation with or poor differentiation from I. myrtifolia, lending some credibility to their treatment as varieties.

Synonymy: = Bah, GW2, S, Clark (2023), Godfrey (1988); = Ilex cassine L. var. cassine – Fl7, RAB, WH3; > Ilex cassine L. var. cassine – K3, K4; > Ilex cassine L. var. latifolia Aiton – K3, K4, Tx

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