Data mode


Sign up

Copy permalink to share

Ilex Linnaeus. Holly, Winterberry, Gallberry, Dahoon.

Key to Ilex

A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is deeply embedded in the phylogenetic tree of Ilex and is clearly best subsumed into it (Manen, Boulter, & Naciri-Graven 2002; Yao et al. 2021; Yang et al. 2023). Sectional classification follows Yang et al. (2023).

ID notes:Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their deciduous, alternate, toothed leaves borne on spur shoots.

Ref: Clark (2023); Godfrey (1988); Krakow (1989); Manen, Boulter, & Naciri-Graven (2002); Powell et al. (2000); Whittemore [in prep.]; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977); Yang et al. (2023c); Yao et al. (2021). Show full citations.

Show in key(s)

Show parent family

Show species in Ilex

Your browser does not support SVGs

Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map for definition or see the legend. Data for arrows not developed for genera and families which may have species only occurring outside the flora area.

image of plant© Keith Bradley | Ilex opaca | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Ilex collina | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson | Ilex opaca source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Ilex laevigata | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Ilex glabra | Original Image ⭷


See something wrong or missing on about Ilex? Let us know here: (Please include your name and email if at all complicated so we can clarify if needed.)

Cite as...