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Ilex montana Torrey & A. Gray ex A. Gray. Section: Prinoides. Mountain Holly. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Sep. Hab: Mesic forests, rarely bogs or bog edges. Dist: W. MA and w. NY south to n. GA (reports from n. AL seem to be based on misidentifications), essentially an Appalachian endemic. The range of this species is sometimes stated or shown as broader, extending into the Coastal Plain in our area, and as far south as n. FL, LA, and e. TX, but these reports are based on misidentifications, primarily of the "beadlei" component of I. ambigua.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, Va, WV, Clark (2023), Krakow (1989); = Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr. var. montana (Torr. & A.Gray ex A.Gray) H.E.Ahles – RAB, Tn; = Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr. var. monticola (A.Gray) Wunderlin & Poppleton – W; = Ilex amelanchier M.A.Curtis ex Chapm. var. monticola (A.Gray) Alph.Wood; = Ilex montana Torr. & A.Gray ex A.Gray var. montana – C, F, G; = Ilex monticola A.Gray – S; > Ilex monticola A.Gray var. mollis (A.Gray) Britton – S13; > Ilex monticola A.Gray var. monticola – S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 4

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Edwin Bridges | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Edwin Bridges | Original Image ⭷


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