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Lobelia cardinalis Linnaeus var. cardinalis . Cardinal Flower. Phen: (May-) Jul-Oct. Hab: Streambanks, riverbanks, marshes, swamp forests. Dist: NB, QC, ON, MN, CO, UT, and s. CA south to c. peninsular FL, TX, and south through Mexico and Central America to Colombia.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: See Thompson & Lammers (1997) for discussion of taxonomy.

Synonymy: = C; = Lobelia cardinalis L. – F, S, McVaugh (1936a); = Lobelia cardinalis L. ssp. cardinalis – GW2, Tx; < Lobelia cardinalis L. – Ar, Fl7, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo2, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV, Spaulding & Barger (2016); > Lobelia cardinalis L. ssp. cardinalis var. cardinalis – Bowden (1982); > Lobelia cardinalis L. ssp. cardinalis var. meridionalis Bowden – Bowden (1982)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plantno rights reserved, uploaded by Alan Weakley source CC0 | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Nate Hartley, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Nate Hartley source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jim Fowler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jim Fowler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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