Araceae A.L. de Jussieu.
A family of about 100-110 genera and about 3000-4000 species, herbs and reduced aquatic herbs, cosmopolitan, but mostly tropical and subtropical. Circumscription of the Araceae is uncertain. Recent phylogenetic studies (Lee et al. 2019) show four distinctive and major clades in what is now (APG IV 2016) generally considered to comprise Araceae s.l., with the four clades generally now treated as subfamilies: Gymnostachydoideae, Orontioideae, Lemnoideae, and Aroideae. A strong case exists for treating these morphologically and molecularly disparate clades at family rank, as has variably been done traditionally.
Ref: APG IV (2016); Bown (2000); Cabrera et al. (2008); Cusimano et al. (2011); Hoang et al. (2022); Keating (2004); Landolt (1980); Landolt (1986); Landolt (2000) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2000); Landolt In Kubitzki (1998b); Lee et al. (2019); Les & Crawford (1999); Les et al. (2002); Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce In Kubitzki (1998b); Nauheimer, Metzler, & Renner (2012); Nie et al. (2006b); Serviss, McDaniel, & Bryson (2000); Thompson (2000b) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2000). Show full citations.