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Erigenia bulbosa (Michaux) Nuttall. Harbinger-of-spring, Pepper-and-salt, Erigenia. Phen: (Jan-) Feb-May. Hab: Mesic, nutrient-rich forests, either over calcareous substrate or on very rich alluvial deposits (such as riverbanks). Dist: S. PA, w. NY, s. ON, c. MI, and se. WI south to w. MD, DC, c. VA, w. VA, nc. NC, w. NC, e. TN, nw. GA, c. AL, n. MS, sw. AR, and se. KS (almost entirely west of the Blue Ridge). Rodgers (1950) stated that E. bulbosa was "reported in mtns. of N.C. by Kephart and Hyams", but Radford, Ahles, & Bell (1968) excluded it from the state's flora. E. bulbosa has now been documented from both the nc. Piedmont and the Mountains of NC.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: See Buddell & Thieret (1985) for a very interesting and entertaining account of this plant.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, F, G, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, MC, Mi, Mo2, NY, Ok, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Buddell & Thieret (1985)

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷