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Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. biflorum . Small Solomon's-seal. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct. Hab: Moist to dry forests. Dist: CT, NY, and s. ON west to MI, NE, and IN, south to n. FL, s. AL, and e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: In addition to the varieties recognized for our area, P. biflorum includes two additional varieties: var. melleum (Farwell) R. Ownbey of MI and ON, and var. necopinum R. Ownbey from the Black Hills of SD. The complex needs additional study. See var. commutatum for discussion of its distinction from var. biflorum.

Synonymy: = NY, Pa, Va, Ownbey (1944); = Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott – F, G, Il, K4, WV; < Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott – Ar, C, ETx1, FNA26, NcTx, NE, Ok, RAB, Tn, Tx, W, WH3, Judd (2003); >< Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. biflorum – K3; >< Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. commutatum (Schult.f.) Morong – K1, Mo1; < Polygonatum commutatum (Schult.f.) A.Dietr. – S

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image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Polygonatum biflorum var. variegatum, Duncan Ridge, Chattahoochee National Forest, Union County. Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Edwin Bridges | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷

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