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311 results for More search options
FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
CyperaceaeCarex absconditaThicket SedgeBottomlands, other mesic forests, seepage swamps.MA south to Panhandle FL, west to TX and OK, and scattered inland.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex aestivaliformisHigh-elevation wet meadows, sphagnous beaver wetlands (TN, VA), upland submesic forests (GA, TN).The distribution is unclear, because of variable treatment in the past.
CyperaceaeCarex aestivalisSummer SedgeNorthern hardwood forests, northern red oak forests, other dry-mesic to mesic forests and moist rock outcrops at medium to high elevations.VT south to n. GA, in or near the Appalachians.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex aggregataGlomerate SedgeMesic to submesic forests and woodlands, fields, roadsides, other disturbed areas, especially over calcareous substrates.NY, ON, MN, and SD, south to nc. and nw. NC, TN, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex alataBroad-winged SedgeBottomland forests, beaver ponds, oligohaline tidal marshes, other freshwater marshes, depression ponds.NH, MI, and MO south to c. peninsular FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex albicans var. albicansWhite-tinged Sedge, Architectural SedgeDry woodlands, forests, and clearings.ME west to IL, and OK, south to DE, NC, SC, n. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), TN, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex albolutescensGreenish-white SedgeLow fields, bottomlands.MA, NY, WI, and MO, south to Panhandle FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex albursinaWhite Bear SedgeNutrient-rich cove forests (and less commonly in drier forests), over mafic or calcareous rocks.VT and s. QC west to MN, south to SC (P. McMillan pers. comm. 2003, specimen at CLEMS), nw. GA, MS (Dorey & Bryson 2016), and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex allegheniensisAllegheny SedgeSwamps, bogs, streamhead pocosins, other moist to wet habitats, boggy pools in floodplains.Primarily from PA south to n. GA, mostly in the Appalachian Mountains; scattered reports more broadly need additional evaluation.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex amphibolaEastern Narrowleaf SedgeMoist loamy forests, bottomlands, slopes, uplands.MA, s. ON, MI, IL, MO, and OK, south to GA, AL, MS, LA, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex annectensYellow-fruited SedgeMarshes, bottomland forests, drier forests and woodlands.S. ME west to MN, south to FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex appalachicaAppalachian SedgeDry to mesic forests, rock outcrops.ME and ON south to w. SC, n. GA, and e. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex aquatilis var. substrictaAquatic SedgeMountaintop ponds (with Dulichium arundinaceum, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Juncus canadensis), mafic fens at high elevation, northwards in sedge meadows and shores.NL (Newfoundland) west to ND, south to NJ, s. PA, OH, IN, IA, and NE; disjunct in w. VA (Augusta County) and nw. NC (Bluff Mountain, Ashe County, NC). First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex arctataBlack Sedge, Drooping Woodland SedgeNorthern hardwood and spruce forests, bog edges, moist forests northwards in our region.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to PA, w. VA, nw. NC (Long Hope Valley, Ashe County; Grandfather Mountain), and OH. First reported for VA (Highland County) by Fleming & Ludwig (1996).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex arenariaSand SedgeMoist to dry sandy hammocks; probably introduced from Europe.In North America, known from DE south to se. NC; also on ballast in OR (Mackenzie 1931-1935). Fernald (1950) considered this plant native in se. VA, and populations of it in Carolina Beach State Park, New Hanover County, NC, certainly appear native.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex argyranthaSilvery-flowered Sedge, Hay SedgeGrassy balds, mountain meadows, dry-mesic to dry forests, woodlands, clearings, and outcrops.NB west to ON, south to w. NC, e. TN (Unicoi County), and OH.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex atherodesAwned SedgeMarl fens, bottomland prairies, wet meadows, marshes.Circumboreal, south in North America to NY, n. VA, n. WV, MO, CO, UT, and OR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex atlanticaPrickly Bog SedgeBogs and seepages.NS west to MI and nw. IN, south to ne. FL, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex aureolensisSouthern Frank’s Sedge, Broad-scaled Sedge, Golden Cattail SedgeFloodplain forests and marshes.VA, KY, IL, and NE south to n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, TX, NM, COA, and NLE; South America.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex austrinaSouthern SedgeDry calcareous prairies, meadows, and forests, also roadsides, apparently introduced eastwards with hay and/or seed mixes used for erosion control.Native from IA and NE south to LA and TX; more eastern occurrences are at least in part introduced. First reported for areas east of the Mississippi by Bryson et al. (1996). Reported for DE (Longbottom, Naczi, & Knapp 2016).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex austrocarolinianaSouth Carolina SedgeNutrient-rich, moist coves in the sw. mountains of NC and adjacent SC, often with some seepage.Endemic to the southern end of the Southern Appalachians, in the Blue Ridge of sw. NC, ne. SC, n. GA, and e. TN, extending west to the Cumberland Plateau of TN and se. KY.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex baileyiBailey's SedgeBogs, seeps.NH south to KY, NC, and TN, primarily Appalachian.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex baltzelliiBaltzell's SedgeSteepheads, beech-magnolia slopes, and mesic to dry-mesic hammocks.Sw. GA and Panhandle FL west to s. AL and s. MS.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex barrattiiBarratt's SedgePeaty bogs and marshes, especially in depression ponds, depression swamps, and sinkhole ponds, but also in seepage, such as Piedmont boggy streamheads.CT south to NC (at least formerly), on the Coastal Plain, and disjunct inland in places with many Coastal Plain affinities, as in w. VA (Augusta County), sw. NC (Henderson County, where now apparently extirpated), nw. SC, sc. TN (Coffee and Warren counties), n. GA, and n. AL. Reported for SC by Hill & Horn (1997) and Horn (1999). See Ungberg (2022) for discussion of its occurrence in NC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex basianthaSouthern Willdenow's Sedge, Widow SedgeMesic forests, wet flats, and lower slopes, over calcareous rocks or sediments.Se. NC south to n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, west to e. TX, and north to nw. GA, c. TN, and c. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bebbiiBebb’s SedgeCalcareous and mafic wetlands, wet prairies.NL (Newfoundland), NL (Labrador) and AK south to NJ, nw. VA (Big Meadows, VA; ID uncertain; Weakley, Ludwig, & Townsend 2012), OH, IN, IL, NE, CO, and OR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bicknelliiBicknell’s SedgeDry prairies, eastwards (SC) in prairie-like openings and barrens over gabbro.ME west to SK, south to DE, OH, MO, OK, and NM; disjunct in nc. SC (where first reported by Hill & Horn 1997).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex biltmoreanaBiltmore SedgeIn thin soils on medium to high elevation granitic domes and other sloping rock outcrops, often dominant in thin-soil herbaceous mats wet by seasonal and post-rainfall seepage, and also occurring in adjacent woodlands under open to nearly closed canopy of Quercus spp., Fraxinus americana, Carya glabra, and Juniperus virginiana.Endemic to sw. NC, nw. SC, and ne. GA (Rabun and Towns counties)image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex blandaEastern Woodland Sedge, Charming SedgeCove forests, bottomlands, and other mesic, nutrient-rich forests.ME and s. QC west to ND, south to c. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex breviorShortbeak SedgePrairies, dry forests, and woodland margins.ME west to BC, south to n. GA, c. TN, MS, TX, TAM, AZ, and MIC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bromoides ssp. bromoidesCommon Brome SedgeSwamp forests, bogs, seeps, hydric hammocks, other wetlands, often associated with base-rich soils.Ssp. bromoides ranges from NB west to e. MN, south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX; allegedly disjunct in s. Mexico, but not in Villaseñor (2016).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bromoides ssp. montanaBlue Ridge Brome SedgeMountain bogs in the Blue Ridge, seepages in the Blue Ridge Escarpment.Endemic to the Southern Blue Ridge of sw. VA, ne. TN, w. NC, and nw. SC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex brunnescens var. sphaerostachyaBrown SedgeGrassy balds, bogs, spruce-fir forests, northern hardwood forests, moist rock outcrops, at moderate to high elevations.Var. sphaerostachya is eastern North American, ranging south to NJ, OH, MI, and MN, south to w. NC, e. TN, and n. GA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bullata var. bullataButton SedgeBogs, seeps, depression swamps, usually in very acidic settings.MA south to sw. NC; disjunct westwards in c. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bushiiBush’s SedgeMoist to wet (rarely dry) prairies, meadows, fields, and alluvial areas, usually in moderately to strongly base-rich soils.MA and s. NY west to MO and KS, south to NC, sw. NC (Bradley et al. [in prep.]), GA (Jones & Coile 1988), MS, and TX; disjunct in MI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex buxbaumiiBrown Bog Sedge, Buxbaum's SedgeBogs, fens, and seepages (especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, but also in very acid sites).Circumboreal, in North America ranging from NL (Newfoundland) west to s. and w. AK, south to se. VA, w. NC, nw. SC, n. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), c. TN, KY, n. AR, CO, UT, and CA. Reported for South Carolina by Hill & Horn (1997) and Hill (1999).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex canescensSilvery SedgeAcidic bogs, other wetlands.Greenland and AK south to MD, WV, IL, NM, and CA; South America, Eurasia; Australia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex disjunctaSilvery SedgeBogs, depression ponds, swamps and marshes (including fresh to oligohaline tidal sites), often in disturbed areas.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to VA, NC, SC, OH, and IN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex careyanaCarey's SedgeNutrient-rich moist forests, mostly over calcareous rocks.NY west to MI and IA, south to sw. NC, AL and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex carolinianaCarolina SedgeFloodplain forests, depression swamps, less commonly in mesic to dry-mesic forests.NJ, PA, MO, and OK south to SC, e. GA, and TX; apparently disjunct in Panhandle FL and adjacent sw. GA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex caryophylleaSpring SedgeDisturbed areas.Native of Eurasia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cephalophoraMesic to dry forests, especially oak-hickory forests.ME west to MN, south to Panhandle FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex chapmaniiChapman's SedgeEdges of calcareous pine savannas, calcareous slopes and bottomlands, mesic hammocks, stream terraces.Se. NC south to c. peninsular FL, on the Coastal Plain; allegedly disjunct in nc. TN (Chester et al. 1993)image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cherokeensisCherokee Sedge, Wolftail SedgePredominantly in moist, rich, calcareous or subcalcareous forests, though introduced populations are not restricted to such settings.Se. NC, nw. SC, sw. NC, nc. TN, se. MO, and OK, south to n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and west to e. TX and se. OK; disjunct in the Mountains of VA, where perhaps introduced (Belden et al. 2004).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex collinsiiCollins's SedgeWhite cedar (Chamaecyparis) bogs, pocosins, and sphagnous, seepage-fed streamhead swamps in the Coastal Plain, bogs in the southwest mountains of NC (where associated with other Coastal Plain disjuncts), usually growing in Sphagnum.RI to wc. GA on the Coastal Plain, disjunct in the mountains of nw. NJ, PA, sw. NC, and possibly TN (Chester et al. 1993).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex communisFibrous-rooted SedgeDry woodlands and forests, bluffs, rich forests, streambanks.PE west to MN, south to n. SC, c. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex comosaBottlebrush Sedge, Bristly Sedge, Porcupine SedgeTidal freshwater and oligohaline marshes, tidal and alluvial swamps, calcareous spring marshes, beaver wetlands, and ditches and other wet disturbed areas.QC west to MN, south to s. FL, LA, se. OK (Hoagland & Buthod 2012), and ne. TX; disjunct in MIC (Villaseñor 2016); also in w. North America.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex complanataHirsute SedgeBottomland forests and swamps, depression swamps, drier barrens.NJ and s. PA south to n. peninsular FL and Panhandle FL, west to TX and MO; apparently disjunct in AZ.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex conjunctaSoft Fox SedgeWell-drained floodplain forests, mesic to dry-mesic upland forests over mafic or calcareous rocks.NY, NJ, MN, and SD, south to VA, sc. TN, n. AL, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex conoideaAncient Prairie SedgeCalcareous and mafic fens and seepages; saturated meadows and fields over limestone, dolomite, or mafic rocks; depressions in upland prairies.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to nw. NC (Ashe Co. and Alleghany Co.), nw. AR, and MO. First found in NC by a party led by Asa Gray in 1841 "on the moist, grassy brow of a precipice of the Bluff"; located at a second site in NC by D.B. Poindexter.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex corrugataPrune-fruited SedgeLarge-stream and river bottomlands, wet calcareous forests.Se. VA, KY, and s. OH south to Panhandle FL and AL, west to TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex craweiCrawe's SedgeCalcareous barrens and prairies, usually in gravelly areas with ephemeral or periodic seepage.QC west to BC, south to NJ, w. VA, c. TN, AL, AR, OK, CO, and AZ. First reported for VA by Ludwig (1999).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex crebrifloraCoastal Plain SedgeBottomland and other nutrient-rich forests.VA, KY, and AR south to n. peninsular FL and Panhandle FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex crinita var. brevicrinisShort-fringed SedgeSwamps, wet forests, and a wide range of other wetlands.MA south to FL, west to TX, north in the interior to KY and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex crinita var. crinitaLong-fringed SedgeSwamps, wet forests, bogs, and a wide range of other wetlands.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN and AB, south to GA, TN, and s. MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cristatellaCrested SedgeGrassy balds, fens, wet meadows, river shores, especially in calcareous or nutrient-rich alluvial soils.VT west to SK, south to w. NC, KY, MO, and KS. See Fox, Godfrey, & Blomquist (1952) for the first report from NC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex crus-corviCrowfoot Sedge, Ravenfoot SedgeSwamp forests, especially over calcareous substrates.Se. VA south to Panhandle FL, west to TX, north in the interior to IN, s. ON, MI, and MN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cumberlandensisCumberland SedgeRich, mesic to dry, deciduous or mixed forests, especially over calcareous substrates.Sw. PA, s. OH, s. IL south to c. NC, c. SC, c. GA, sc. AL, e. MS, and w. TN; disjunct in nw. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex dasycarpaVelvet SedgeMaritime forests, hammocks, other sandy forests.E. SC south to n. peninsular FL, west to MS. Gaddy & Rayner (1980) report this species from a number of barrier islands in Beaufort and Charleston counties, SC; it has since been found in Georgetown County, SC, as well.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex davisiiDavis's SedgeRich mesic upland forests, rich floodplain forests, calcareous oak savannas, calcareous meadows.VT, ON, and MN south to VA (Fairfax County) (Steury 2004b), e. WV, nc. TN (Chester et al. 1993), AR, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex debilisWhite-edged Sedge, Weak SedgeSwamps, bogs, other moist to wet habitats.MA west to s. IN, south to n. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex decompositaCypress-knee Sedge, Epiphytic SedgeBlackwater swamp forests, often growing on cypress knees, cypress bases, or fallen logs (often at or near water level), river sloughs, beaver marshes, less typically inland in sloughs or in depressions in bedrock river scour.NY west to MI, south to sw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), Panhandle FL, and TX; rarely disjunct inland from the Coastal Plain, especially in river sloughs or beaver marshes (Bradley et al. [in prep.]).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex digitalis var. digitalisSlender Woodland SedgeMesic to dry forests.ME west to WI, south to FL and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex digitalis var. floridanaSouthern Slender Woodland SedgeRich forests.MD south to FL, west to TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex digitalis var. macropodaLong-spiked Slender Woodland SedgeMoist to dry forests.PA and IL south to FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex divisaDivided Sedge, Separated SedgeBrackish and oligohaline marshes.Native of the Old World.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex divulsaFields, pastures, disturbed areas.Native of Europe and w. Asia. Reported for Washington, DC; MD.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex eburneaEbony Sedge, Bristleleaf SedgeCalcareous cliffs, bluffs, and outcrops, westwards also in calcareous woodlands.NL (Newfoundland) west to AK, south to w. VA, w. NC, nw. SC, c. AL, n. AR, NE, s. AB, and s. BC; early reports of this species from TX are referable to C. mckittrickensis P.W. Ball.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex echinata ssp. echinataStar SedgeBogs, seeps, fens.Ssp. echinata is circumboreal, ranging in North America from NL (Newfoundland) west to SK, south to DE, PA, IN, IA, and ND, and in the mountains to w. NC, nw. SC {Bradley et al. [in prep.]), and e. TN; also in w. North America from AK (Aleutians) and BC south to CO, UT, and s. CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex elliottiiElliott’s SedgeBogs.E. NC south to c. pen. FL and west to s. AL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex emmonsiiEmmons’s SedgeLongleaf pine sandhills, maritime forests, wet pine flatwoods, mesic or dry upland forests, sandy woodlands.NS west to ON and WI, south to SC, GA, AL, MS, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex emoryiEmory’s SedgeCalcareous fens, spring marshes, wet meadows, seepages, ditches, rocky river scours, other wetlands.NY and ND south to w. VA, s. IL, AR, TX, COA, and NLE.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex exilisMeager Sedge, Exiled SedgePeaty seepage bogs.NL (Newfoundland) and NL (Labrador) west to ON and n. MN, south to NJ, DE, MD, NY, n. MI, n. WI, and n. MN; disjunct southward in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of sc. NC and in the Gulf Coastal Plain of se. MS and sw. AL. The southern occurrences are remarkably disjunct from the Canadian, northern Coastal Plain, and Great Lakes distribution.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex extensaLong-bracted SedgeSalt marshes, introduced around seaports.Native of Europe.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex festucaceaFescue SedgeBottomland forests, depression ponds and swamps, wet meadows.VT west to MN, south to GA, Panhandle FL, AL, MS, LA, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex fissa var. aristataHammock SedgeWet pine savannas, roadside banks and ditches.Extreme se. SC (Jasper Co.), s. GA (Clinch County) (Carter, Baker, & Morris 2009; Sorrie 1998b) south to c. peninsular FL, west to FL Panhandle and s. MS (Bryson et al. 1996).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex fissa var. fissaWestern Hammock SedgePrairie depressions, eastwards introduced in disturbed areas, including roadside ditches, sediment control ponds, and old railroad stockyards (well-established).S. IL, MO, se. KS, and OK south to AR, se. TX, and TAM. See Simmons, Strong, & Parrish (2008) for additional information about the VA occurrence, and Knapp et al. (2011) and Longbottom, Naczi, & Knapp (2016) about the MD and DE occurrences. McKenzie & Nelson (2022) discussed occurrences in MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex flaccospermaMeadow SedgeMesic forests, well-drained bottomlands.Se. VA south to Panhandle FL, west to TX, north in the interior to s. MO and IL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex flavaYellow SedgeCalcareous fens and seeps.Circumboreal, ranging south in North America to NJ, PA, IN, ID, and BC; disjunct in sw. VA (Giles County). First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex flexuosaFlexuous White-edge Sedge, Rudge’s White-edge SedgeDry to moist upland forests, openings, grassy balds, granitic domes, rock outcrops.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to VA and MO, and in the Appalachian Mountains to w. NC and e. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex floridanaFlorida SedgeMesic hammocks, dry hammocks, maritime forests.S. NJ south to c. peninsular FL, west to TX. See McAvoy (2021) for discussion of the occurrence of this species in NJ, MD, DE, and VA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex folliculataNorthern Long SedgeBogs, boggy forests, high elevation forests (spruce-fir).NL (Newfoundland) west to WI, south to NC and e. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex frankiiFrank’s Sedge, Cattail SedgeBottomland forests, other wet to moist forests and disturbed areas.W. NY and s. ON west to MI and se. NE, south to GA, AR, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gholsoniiGholson's SedgeMoist calcareous forests, especially marl flats and bottomlands over coquina.E. NC south to c. peninsular FL, west to s. AL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex giganteaGiant SedgeSwamps, bottomland forests, cypress depressions.DE south to s. FL, west to e. TX, north in the interior to nw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), IN and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex glaucescensBlue Sedge, Southern Waxy SedgeBlackwater swamps, pocosins, wet pine savannas, seepage bogs, depression ponds, pondcypress savannas, other acid and peaty situations.E. MD south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. TX and se. OK (Buthod & Hoagland 2013); disjunct in nw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988) and c. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex glaucodeaBlue SedgePrairies, upland woodlands, especially in hardpan situations with alternating wet and dry conditions.MA and ON west to s. IN and MO, south to NC, sc. TN, and AR. {distribution and abundance needing additional herbarium investigation}image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex godfreyiGodfrey's SedgeCalcareous swamps, bottomlands, and mesic forests.Se. NC south to se. GA, c. peninsular FL south to Martin County (FL), and west to Panhandle FL, sw. GA, and s. AL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gracilescensSlender Loose-flowered SedgeMoist, nutrient-rich forests, calcareous hammocks.VT and s. QC west to WI, south to SC, AL, LA, and e. TX; disjunct in sw. GA and Panhandle FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gracillimaGraceful SedgeMoist ravine and slope forests, floodplains of rivers and large creeks.NL (Newfoundland) west to MB, south to SC (Gaddy et al. 1984), n. GA, AL, and n. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex granularisLimestone Meadow Sedge, Corncob SedgeMoist, nutrient-rich forests, especially bottomlands, mostly over calcareous rocks (limestone, dolostone, coquina limestone) or mafic rocks (diabase).ME and QC west to SK, south to GA, FL (Ward 2021), OK, and ne. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gravidaPregnant Sedge, Heavy SedgeDamp, mesic, or dry calcareous prairies, fields, pastures, roadsides.ON west to SK, south to TN, MS, AR, TX, and NM, rarely introduced eastward. Steury (1999) reported var. lunelliana as new to MD (Calvert County). Reported for DE (Longbottom, Naczi, & Knapp 2016).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex grayiGray’s SedgeBottomland forests, tidal swamps.Sw. QC west to WI and IA, south to nw. GA and OK; disjunct in Panhandle FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex griseaInflated Narrowleaf SedgeWell-drained floodplain forests, other mesic to dry-mesic forests, especially over base-rich substrates.NB west to MN and SD, south to VA, TN, MS, LA, and TX. {habitats, distribution and abundance in our area needing additional herbarium investigation}image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gynandraNodding SedgeBogs, swamp forests, seepages, beaver wetlands.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to WI, n. VA, w. NC, n. GA, e. TN, OH, and WI. This is the most montane and northern element of the C. crinita complex, and the usual one encountered in the Mountains of our area.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex haydeniiHayden’s SedgeWet meadows, wet prairies, minerotrophic fens.NL (Newfoundland) and QC west to SD, south to s. PA, MD (C. Frye, pers. comm., 2000), IL, and IA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hirsutellaHairy-leaved Sedge, Fuzzy SedgeDry-mesic oak-hickory forests, other mesic to dry forests, woodlands, and barrens.ME, s. ON, and IA, south to GA and ne. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hirtaDry sandy areas.Native of Eurasia. The report of C. hirta for NC (Burk 1961, RAB) is based on a misidentification of C. pumila (Reznicek 1993).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hirtifoliaPubescent SedgeNutrient-rich, though often rather dry, forests and woodlands.NB west to MN, south to MD, sw. VA, c. TN, KY, MO, and e. KS.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hitchcockianaHitchcock’s SedgeRich, moist to dry forests, especially over limestone, other calcareous, or mafic rocks.MA west to MN, south to NC, sc. TN, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hormathodesMarsh Straw SedgeFreshwater and slightly brackish tidal marshes, interdune ponds.NL (Newfoundland) south to ne. NC, along the coast.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex howeiHowe's Sedge, Prickly Bog SedgeBogs and seepages, often growing in Sphagnum.NS west to MI and nw. IN, south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX, predominantly (but by no means strictly) on the Coastal Plain.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hyalinolepisShoreline SedgeTidal marshes, tidal and nontidal swamp forests.NJ south to Panhandle FL, west to TX, north in the interior to KS and NE; disjunct around the Great Lakes in MI, IN, and s. ON.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hystericinaPorcupine SedgeCalcareous fens, marshes, and wet meadows, in seepage over serpentine.NB west to BC, south to w. VA, sc. TN, w. TX, and n. CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex impressinerviaMoist forests, along small streams and lower mesic slopes, probably associated with mafic or calcareous rocks..Sc. NC south to AL and west to MS, apparently very rare and widely scattered.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex interiorInland SedgeCalcareous or ultramafic seeps, fens, and wet meadows.NL (Newfoundland) and NL (Labrador) west to s. AK, south to w. VA, n. AR, n. AZ, and n. CA; disjunct in Mexico (CHI) (but not in Villaseñor 2016).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex intumescens var. fernaldiiFernald’s Bladder SedgeSpruce-fir forests, northern hardwood forests, grassy balds.NL (Newfoundland) west to MB, south to NY, n. PA, MI, MN, and, at higher elevations in the Appalachians, to w. VA, w. NC, and e. TN.
CyperaceaeCarex intumescens var. intumescensBladder Sedge, Pregnant SedgeBogs, fens, seeps, wet forests.NS west to WI, south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex jamesiiJames's SedgeNutrient-rich bottomlands, levee forests, and mesic slopes over calcareous or mafic rocks.MD and NY west to MI, MN, and e. NE, south to c. SC, GA, and LA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex jooriiJoor's Sedge, Hummock Sedge, Cypress-swamp SedgeSwamps, upland depression swamps in the Piedmont, sphagnous wetlands.E. MD south to n. peninsular FL and Panhandle FL, west to e. TX, north in the interior to TN, MO, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex juniperorumJuniper SedgeOn edges of calcareous glades and barrens, in subxeric to submesic calcareous woodlands.This species was recently described, and is so far known only from alvars in s. ON, calcareous glades and barrens in s. OH and ne. KY, and has recently been found in Montgomery Co., VA (Belden et al. 2004) and Botetourt Co., VA (Townsend, pers. comm., 2008).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex kobomugiSea Isle Sedge, Japanese Beach Sedge, Asian Sand SedgeSand dunes, especially on fore-dunes.Native of Japan.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex kralianaKral's SedgeMesic forests, slightly acidic to circumneutral.MD, WV (Vanderhorst et al. 2019), OH, and IN south to Panhandle FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lacustrisLakeshore Sedge, Lakeside SedgeCalcareous spring marshes, freshwater to oligohaline tidal marshes.QC west to SK, south to e. VA, w. VA, and NE.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex laevivaginataSmooth-sheathed SedgeMarshes, swamp forests, alluvial forests.MA, MI, and MN, south to Panhandle FL, AL, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lasiocarpa var. americanaSlender SedgeIn shallow water of alkaline spring seeps, on hummocks in acidic basin marshes, and in high elevation fen over amphibolite.A circumboreal species; var. lasiocarpa is Eurasian, var. americana ranges from NL west to AK, south to NJ, WV, MD (C. Frye, pers. comm. 2000), VA, nw. NC, MO, IA, CO, UT, and n. CA. Reported for the Ozark portion of MO (J. Thomas, pers. comm., 2020). First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998). Found for the first time in NC in the valley of Long Hope Creek (Ashe County, NC), in Jul 1999 by A.S. Weakley and P.D. McMillan.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex copulataSpreading SedgeRich, mesic forests of floodplains and slopes.PA, ON, and WI south to NC, n. AL, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex laxiculmisSpreading SedgeSlope or alluvial forests, both acidic and rich.S. ME west to s. WI and s. IA, south to NC, nw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), n. AL, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex laxifloraBroad Loose-flowered SedgeIn a wide range of moist to dry, acidic to nutrient-rich forests.NL west to ON, south to GA, FL Panhandle, MS, and LA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex leavenworthiiLeavenworth’s SedgeDry forests, especially in sandy soils.NY, ON, and NE south to Panhandle FL and TX. Reported for DE (Longbottom, Naczi, & Knapp 2016), and considered "likely non-native" there.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex leptalea var. harperiHarper’s SedgeBogs, seeps, blackwater bottomlands, usually in saturated conditions with Sphagnum spp.NJ south to c. peninsular FL, west to TX, inland in the interior to IN and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex leptalea var. leptaleaBristly-stalk SedgeBogs, seeps, usually in saturated conditions with Sphagnum spp.NL (Labrador) west to AK, south to NC, TN, MO, SD, NM, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex leptonerviaNerveless Woodland SedgeNutrient-rich forests, such as rich, seepy northern hardwoods forests.NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to NJ, PA, IN, and WI, and in the Appalachians south to NC and SC (L.L. Gaddy, pers.comm., 2009).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex limosaMud SedgeBogs, swamps, wet meadows. Medium to poor fens and bogs.Circumboreal, south in North America to se. PA (Dauphin County, Rhoads & Klein 1993; Rhoads & Block 2007), NJ, DE (historical), OH, IN, NE, UT, and CA. More commonly northward in a variety of medium to poor peatlands.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lonchocarpaSouthern Long SedgePocosin margins, small blackwater stream swamps, bogs.S. MD south to ne. FL and Panhandle FL, west to e. TX; rarely inland, as in sc. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex longiiLong's SedgeBogs, low fields, bottomlands, oak flatwoods.NS west to WI, south to s. FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex louisianicaLouisiana SedgeFloodplain forests and other wet forests.S. NJ south to ne. FL, Panhandle FL, west to TX, north in the interior to KY, IN, and MO; disjunct in ne. OH. McAvoy (2021) documented the occurrence of the species in DE.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex austrolucorumAppalachian Woodland SedgeXeric to mesic wooded slopes, usually in oak forests and northern hardwood forests.Sw. VA, s. WV, e. KY south to nw. SC, n. GA and ne. AL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lupuliformisUmbo Sedge, False Hop SedgeWet forests, floodplain pools, blackwater, tidal, and brownwater swamps, riverbanks, especially in or around seasonal ponded areas, maybe especially associated with alkaline areas.VT and QC west to se. WI, south to s. FL and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lupulinaHop SedgeBottomland forests, wet meadows, marshes, swamps.NS west to MN, south to ne. FL and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex luridaSallow SedgeBogs, fens, swamps, marshes, ditches, and other wetlands.NS west to MN, south to c. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and Mexico (COA, MEX, MOR, VER).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex luteaGolden SedgeWet pine savannas shallowly underlain by coquina limestone, with open canopy of Taxodium ascendens, Pinus palustris, and Liriodendron tulipifera, also more acid substrates in Panhandle FL, where in wet pineland ecotones between sandhills and small stream swamps.Known from isolated locations in NC, SC, and FL. Originally thought to be endemic to Pender and Onslow counties, NC (where associated with other narrow endemics, such as Thalictrum cooleyi and Allium species 1, and other rare species, such as Plantago sparsiflora, Parnassia caroliniana, Rhynchospora thornei, and others), but discovered in 2021 in e. SC (Francis Marion NF) and Panhandle FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex manhartiiBlue Ridge Purple Sedge, Manhart's SedgeCove forests and montane oak-hickory forests, mostly at medium to fairly high elevations, especially over mafic rocks (such as amphibolite) and calcareous rocks (such as marble), but occurring on more acidic substrates as well.Endemic to s. WV, sw. VA, w. NC, nw. SC, ne. GA, and se. TN, in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Once considered very rare, this species is now known to be locally common in portions of sw. NC and adjacent ne. GA. For more information on the Virginia occurrence, see Belden et al. (2004).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex meadiiMead's SedgeMesic to wet prairies, loess prairies, limestone barrens and glades, open woodlands and savannas over calcareous substrates, on low, moist clayey or loamy soils over mafic or ultramafic rocks (such as diabase or serpentine) or calcareous rocks.S. NY, NJ, MI, and SK, south to nc. SC, nw. GA, sw. LA, se. TX, and CHI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex mesochoreaMidland SedgeMesic to dry forests and woodlands, dry grassy areas.MA, ON, and NE south to GA, AL, and TX. First reported for South Carolina by Hill & Horn (1997).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex microdontaLittle-tooth SedgeLimestone glades, calcareous prairies, Jackson prairies (MS), limestone barrens, and dry Black Belt chalk prairies, including disturbed sites, where often locally dominant.AL and Panhandle FL west to MO, KS, OK, TX, NM, and AZ.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex miseraWretched SedgeModerate to high elevation cliffs and rock outcrops.A Southern Blue Ridge endemic: nw. NC and w. TN south to ne. GA (Rabun County) and nw. SC. Discovered for SC in 2022 (S. Tessel, pers.comm. 2022).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex mitchellianaMitchell's SedgeSwampy woodlands and forests, seeps.Se. MA west to PA and KY, south to Panhandle FL, n. AL, and sc. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex molestaTroublesome SedgeDry to moist calcareous soils in calcareous glades and open woodlands.NH west to ND, south to VA, AL, MS, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex molestiformisFrightful SedgeBottomland forests, wet meadows, ditches, ravines, especially over calcareous substrates.W. VA, WV, s. OH, c. KY, and c. MO south to nw. NC, n. GA, c. TN, n. MS, sw. AR, and se. OK (likely to be more widespread after further study).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex muehlenbergii var. enervisMuhlenberg’s SedgeDry and often acidic woodlands and meadows.NH west to MN and NE, south to GA, AL, MS, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex muehlenbergii var. muehlenbergiiMuehlenberg’s SedgeDry to dry-mesic hammocks and woodlands.ME, ON, and MN south to Panhandle FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex nigromarginataBlack-edged SedgeDry woodlands and forests.DE and NJ west to WI, south to SC, GA, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex normalisGreater Straw SedgeMesic to wet forests, moist prairies, marshes, seeps.ME, QC, and ON south to GA and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex novae-angliaeNew England SedgeMoist forests.NL (Newfoundland) and ON, south to e. PA, n. WV, and WI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex oblitaSouthern Dark Green SedgeBogs, seeps, sphagnous swamps. and other wet habitats.NY (Long Island) and NJ south to sc. GA, west to w. LA, mostly on the Coastal Plain, but extending much less commonly inland to the Piedmont and Mountains.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex oklahomensisOklahoma SedgeSeepages, disturbed wetlands, roadside ditches, eastwards probably adventive.Se. MO west to KS, south to AR, and ne. TX; disjunct (and apparently adventive) in various scattered sites east of the Mississippi River, as in AL, MS, GA, w. NC (Graham County) and w. VA (Giles County). First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998). See Bryson & Rothrock (2010) for further discussion; they consider that this species is "introduced during highway and reservoir construction or maintenance in contaminated hay, grass seeds or on construction, maintenance, and mowing equipment."image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex oligocarpaEastern Few-fruited SedgeRich forests, over calcareous or mafic rocks.MA west to MN, south to FL and TX. C. oligocarpa sensu stricto is in SC (P. McMillan, pers. comm., specimen at CLEMS).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex oligospermaFew-seeded SedgeBogs, fens, and seeps at high elevations in the s. Appalachian mountains, abundant but local in temperate and boreal peatlands further northward.NL (Newfoundland) west to NT, south to CT, c. PA, n. OH, n. IN, WI, and MN; disjunct southwards in WV (Hardy County) and NC (Ashe, Avery, Mitchell, and Watauga counties).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex opacaOpaque SedgePrairies, eastwards in disturbed areas, such as introduced at old railroad livestock yard and well-established.IL, MO, and KS south to MS, AR, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex ormostachyaNecklace Spike SedgeNorthern hardwood forests.S. Canada south to ME, MA, PA, w. VA (Augusta County), n. OH, MI, and WI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex ovalisEgg-bracted SedgeGrassy balds, disturbed areas.Native of Eurasia. Known to range in North America from NL (Newfoundland) and NY south to w. NC and ne. TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex oxylepisSharp-scaled SedgeBottomlands, calcareous forests.VA, KY, IL, MO, and OK south to c. peninsular FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pallescensPale SedgeGrassy balds at high elevations, other grassy openings.Circumboreal (in ne. North America and n. Eurasia); in North America ranging from NL (Newfoundland), QC, and MN, south to w. NC, e. TN, and MI. C. pallescens is reported to occur on Big Bald, Unicoi County, TN, immediately adjacent to the NC line (Churchill et al. 1992).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex paucifloraFew-flowered SedgeOpen bogs.Circumboreal, south in North America to NY, WV (Grant, Randolph, and Tucker counties), WI, MN, and WA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pedunculata var. pedunculataLongstalk SedgeNutrient-rich dry to mesic forests, usually over calcareous or mafic rocks.Var. pedunculata ranges from NL (Newfoundland), SK, and ND, south to NJ, w. VA, sw. NC (Gaddy et al. 1984), nw. SC (Gaddy et al. 1984), nw. GA (Dade County) (Jones & Coile 1988), n. AL, c. IN, c. IL, and n. IA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pellitaWoolly SedgeCalcareous fens, wet meadows, depression swamps.NB west to BC, south to sc. NC, w. VA, sc. NC (Suther Prairie, Cabarrus County), sc. TN (May Prairie, Coffee County), e. TN, AR, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pendulaPendulous SedgeDisturbed areas.Native of Europe. Introduced in VA (FNA, Kartesz 1999).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pensylvanicaPennsylvania SedgeDry to moist woodlands and forests, grassy balds, shale barrens, rock outcrops.ME west to s, MB and ND, south to VA, KY, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex albicans var. australisSouthern White-tinged Sedge, Bellow's-beak SedgeDry woodlands.Se. VA south to ne. FL and FL Panhandle, west to AR, OK, TX, and Mexico.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pictaPainted SedgeDry to dry-mesic oak-hickory forests.S. IN south through KY and c. TN to nc. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), c. AL, and e. LA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pigraLazy SedgeMoist forests, bottomlands.Se. VA west to se. and sc. TN, south to n. FL, s. AL, and ne. MS.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex planispicataFlat-spiked SedgeRich to fairly acid mesic forests, on slopes and floodplains.C. NJ west to s. IN, se. MO, and se. OK, south to c. GA, s. MS, and se. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex plantagineaPlantainleaf Sedge, Seersucker SedgeRich cove forests, mostly over mafic or calcareous rocks, montane alluvial forests.NB west to MN, south to MD, NJ, VA, NC, ne. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), e. TN, c. TN, KY, and s. IN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex platyphyllaBroadleaf SedgeRich cove forests, mostly over mafic or calcareous rock.ME and s. QC west to WI, south to , nw. SC, NC, e. TN, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex polymorphaVariable SedgeDry, acidic ridgetop forests.ME south to MD, VA, and WV.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex praegracilisFreeway SedgeMedians of interstate highways.Native of w. North America south to c. Mexico. This species is apparently spreading through ne. North America as the result of the winter salting of highways.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex praireaPrairie SedgeCalcareous fens and spring marshes, wet prairies, marshes, bottomlands.QC west to YT, south to NJ, w. VA, OH, NE, MT, and BC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex prasinaDrooping SedgeSeepage swamps, brook banks, rocky stream margins, rich forests.ME, ON, and WI south to GA, MS, and AR; in nearly all TN counties adjacent to NC and VA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex projectaNecklace SedgeMoist forests, fens.NL (Newfoundland), NL (Labrador), and SK south to NC, IN, IL, and IA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pumilaOpen disturbed sand flats.Native of Asia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex purpuriferaLimestone Purple SedgeMoist, rich cove forests, at low elevations, over calcareous or mafic rocks.WV (Vanderhorst et al. 2019), w. VA and KY south to n. GA and n. AL, mostly west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but with scattered disjunct populations on calcareous or mafic sites in the Blue Ridge.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex radfordiiRadford's SedgeVery nutrient-rich, moist cove forests in the Blue Ridge Escarpment region, over calcareous or mafic rocks (especially along the Brevard Fault).Endemic to the Blue Ridge Escarpment of sw. NC, nw. SC, and ne. GA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex radiataEastern Star SedgeMesic to wet-mesic forests.NS west to MB, south to SC, AL, LA, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex reniformisKidney SedgeFloodplain forests (including blackwater), marshes, ditches, other wet areas.VA, IL, and OK south to FL Panhandle and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex retroflexaReflexed SedgeDry to mesic forests, especially over base-rich substrates.ME, MI and IA, south to n. peninsular FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex roanensisRoan Mountain SedgeCove forests, moderate to high elevation oak forests, northern hardwood forests.Sw. PA, w. VA, and e. WV south through e. KY, e. TN, w. NC to se. TN and nw. GA (Smith & Waterway 2008; Smith et al. 2006). First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex roseaRosy SedgeDry to dry-mesic hardwood forests, especially over basic substrates.NS west to MB, south to FL Panhandle and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex rugospermaParachute SedgeOld fields, shallow soils of rock outcrops, exposed forest margins.PE west to MN, south to GA, TN, IN, IL, and MO. Reported for South Carolina by Hill & Horn (1997).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex ruthiiRuth's SedgeSeepage areas, in forest or open areas.A Southern Appalachian endemic: sw. VA south through w. NC and e. TN to nw. SC and n. GA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex scabrataEastern Rough SedgeSeepage slopes, brook-banks, often in shade.NS west to MI, south to NJ, n. GA, OH, and n. IN; disjunct in sw. MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex schweinitziiSchweinitz's SedgeCalcareous fens, spring marshes, seeps, wet meadows, bogs.VT west to n. MI, south to NJ (and MO?); disjunct in NL (Newfoundland).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex scopariaBroom SedgeBogs, swamp forests, marshes, seepy ledges, ditches.NL (Newfoundland) west to BC, south to GA, MS, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex seorsaWeak Stellate SedgeSwamp forests in acid, organic soils.MA south to GA and Panhandle FL in the Coastal Plain, scattered inland westward to NY, OH, MI, IN, AR, and TN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex shortianaShort's SedgeCalcareous bottomlands, moist forests, and meadows.PA, s. ON, IL, and IA, south to w. VA, e. TN, AR, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex siliceaSeabeach SedgeInterdune swales, beaches, maritime woodlands.NL (Newfoundland) south to VA, along the coast.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex socialisLow Woodland SedgeBlackwater and brownwater swamp forests and bottomlands, forested seepage areas.Se. and sc. NC south to e. GA, west to e. TX, and north in the interior to s. IN, s. IL, and se. MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sparganioidesBur-reed sedgeDry to moist, usually nutrient-rich forests.ME, ON, MN, and SD south to GA, AR, and KS.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex squarrosaSquarrose SedgeBottomland forests, tidal swamps.CT west to se. ME and NE, south to NC, n. SC, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sterilisSterile SedgeMafic and calcareous fens and swamps.NL (Newfoundland) west to SK, south to sw. VA (Grayson County), ne. TN (formerly), IL, and MO. First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex stipata var. maximaLarge Stalk-grain SedgeMarshes, ditches, sloughs, alluvial forests, cypress-gum forests.NJ south to c. peninsular FL, west to TX, north in the interior to s. MO, s. IN, w. TN, and w. KY, primarily on the Coastal Plain.
CyperaceaeCarex stipata var. stipataStalk-grain Sedge, Awl-fruit SedgeMarshes, ditches, alluvial forests.NL (Newfoundland) west to AK, south to SC, TN, KS, and NM.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex stramineaStraw SedgePools in river scours, fresh tidal and nontidal marshes, other wetlands, wet oak savannas.MA west to WI, south to NC, KY, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex striata var. brevisWalter’s SedgePocosins, limesink ponds, small depression ponds, clay-based Carolina bays, acid peaty swamps, wet savannas (dominated by Pinus serotina and/or Taxodium ascendens).E. MA south to SC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex striata var. striataWalter’s Sedge, Pocosin SedgePocosins, limesink ponds, small depression ponds, clay-based Carolina bays, acid peaty swamps, wet savannas (dominated by Pinus serotina and/or Taxodium ascendens).SC south to c. FL and Panhandle FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex striatulaLined SedgeBottomland and other nutrient-rich forests.CT, se. NY, PA, s. OH, and w. KY south to n. FL, Panhandle FL, and s. MS. Former attribution of a wider distribution to the west (west of the Mississippi River) represents Carex ignota.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex strictaTussock Sedge, Upright SedgeBogs, sedge meadows, seeps, swamps, depression ponds, old beaver ponds.QC and NS west to MB, south to GA, AL, MS, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex styloflexaBent SedgeBogs, wet forests, acid stream swamps.CT west to s. OH, south to c. peninsular FL and se. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex suberectaPrairie Straw SedgeFens, calcareous wetlands, marshes, wet prairies.ON and MN south to sw. VA, WV, OH, IN, IL, AR, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex superataLimestone Forest SedgeMesic calcareous forests and woodlands.Sc. NC, nc. SC, sw. VA, sc. KY, and ne. MS, south to Panhandle FL and s. AL. Reported for sw. VA (as C. willdenowii var. megarrhyncha) by Wieboldt et al. (1998).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex swaniiSwan’s SedgeNutrient-rich forests, woodlands, and openings.NS, s. MI, s. WI, south to nw. SC and ne. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sylvaticaEuropean Woodland SedgePastures, lawns.Native of Europe.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tenaxWiry SedgeOpen white sands of longleaf pine sandhills.Sc. NC south to Panhandle FL, west to MS; also in sw. LA and se. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex teneraSlender Sedge, Quill SedgeLow forests, upland forests over hardpans, mesic prairies, wet ditches.NS west to BC, south to VA, NC, n. GA, ne. TN, MO, KS, WY, and OR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tetanicaRigid SedgeMoist forests, calcareous seeps, calcareous fens, wet prairies, wet meadows.MA west to MN, NE, and AB, south to NJ, MD, VA, e. TN (Campbell County; A. Floden, pers. comm.), KY, MO, n. AR, and NE. Reports from NC are all based on misidentifications.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex texensisTexas SedgeLawns, pastures, roadsides, usually weedy, especially in rocky or sandy soils.NY, OH, and KS south to FL and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tonsaShaved SedgeDry rock outcrops, xeric disturbed areas, old fields.QC west to AB, south to VA, WV (Vanderhorst et al. 2013), nw. SC, n. GA, e. TN, IN, and WI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tortaStreambed Sedge, Twisted SedgeRocky streambeds, often dominant in patches in the beds of mountain streams, along their banks, and on rocky or cobbly islands.NS west to ON, south to sc. NC, SC (Gaddy 1981), nc. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), AL, nw. MS, s. AR, and e. OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex triangularisEastern Fox SedgeMoist forests, ditches, other wet sites.SC and GA west to KS and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sangamonensisMidwestern Blunt Broom Sedge, Sangamon SedgeBottomland forests, marshes.OH, IL, and KS, south to SC, AL, LA, and TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tribuloidesBlunt Broom SedgeBottomland forests.NB west to MN and NE, south to c. peninsular FL, GA, TN, MO, and KS.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex trichocarpaHairy-fruited SedgeCalcareous fens, wet meadows, marshes.QC west to MN, south to DE, w. NC, WV, IN, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex trispermaThree-seeded SedgeBogs, seeps, and swamps at high elevations (in NC and VA), usually growing in living Sphagnum, in shaded situations under shrubs or trees in montane wetlands, northward in bogs at low elevations.NL (Labrador) west to SK, south to NJ, MD, OH, n. IN, IL, and MN; and in the mountains to w. NC and WV.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex tuckermaniiCalcareous swampy forests and wet meadows.NB and MN south to WV, sc. PA, NJ, MD, and IL. A report for Alleghany County, NC appears to be erroneous.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex turgescensPinebarren SedgeSandhill seepage bogs, streamhead pocosins, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, canebrakes, cypress domes and stringers, in highly acidic, sandy-peaty soils.Sc. NC south to Panhandle FL, west to se. LA, a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex typhinaCattail SedgeBottomland forests, swamp forests.ME and QC west to WI and se. MN, south to GA, Panhandle FL, and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex umbellataParasol SedgeLimestone barrens, other barrens and glades, old fields, mowed areas, other open habitats.Greenland west to AK, south through MN to TX and eastward.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex utriculataBeaked SedgeWet meadows, calcareous seeps, spring marshes.Boreal American, ranging south to DE, w. VA, nw. and sw. NC, ne. TN (Johnson County, where perhaps extirpated), IN, NE, NM, and CA. Recently verified for NC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex venustaDark Green SedgeBay swamps, peat bogs, mossy wetlands, and other wet habitats.Se. VA south to Panhandle FL, on the Coastal Plain.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex verrucosaPocosins, wet pinelands, pondcypress ponds, domes, stringers, and savannas.Se. NC south to south to s. FL, west to w. LA and e. TX.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex vesicariaInflated SedgeBogs, spring marshes, depression ponds, mafic fens.Circumboreal, ranging south in North America to DE, w. VA, nw. NC, KY, IN, MO, NM, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex vestitaVelvet SedgeLow forests, bogs, seepage swamps, wet clearings and depressions.S. ME south to se. VA, e. TN (where perhaps extirpated), and c. NC. See Ungberg (2022) for discussion of its occurrence in NC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex vexansFlorida Hammock Sedge, Vexed SedgeMarshes, ditches, swamps, hydric hammocks.E. Panhandle FL south to s. FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex virescensRibbed SedgeNutrient-rich forests, woodlands, and openings.S. ME, NY, and s. MI, south to e. VA, w. NC, nw. SC, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex vulpinoideaFox SedgeLow fields, ditches, fens, seeps, tidal freshwater marshes, other wet (and especially disturbed) sites.NL (Labrador) west to BC, south to FL, TX, SON, and CA, and Mexico (MIC, OAX, SON).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex willdenowiiWilldenow’s SedgeCalcareous mesic forests, but also in more acidic dry-mesic upland oak forests.MA, VT, NY, s. ON, and c. IN, south to nc. SC, n. AL, and s. IL; disjunct in c. AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex woodiiWood's SedgeMoist slopes and cove forests over mafic rocks (such as amphibolite), ultramafic rocks (such as olivine), or felsic rocks.NY west to MB, south to NC, nw. SC (Gaddy et al. 1984), n. GA, and MO.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex acidicolaMesic forests.Nc. GA and c. AL south to sw. GA (Naczi, Bryson, & Cochrane 2002).
CyperaceaeCarex acutiformisLesser Pond SedgeMarsh edges, wet fields.Native of Eurasia (FNA, Kartesz 1999). Introduced in MD and NY.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex alopecoideaSeasonally saturated situations, typically over calcareous substrates.NS west to SK, south to DC, MD, WV, KY, e. TN, and IA (Standley in FNA 2002b).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex backiiBack's SedgeRocky woodlands and forests, cliff bases.QC west to BC, south to NJ, PA, IA, and CO. Historic in our area (NJ, PA). Occurring further north in a few scattered areas of central NY, but otherwise no longer considered extant in our flora region.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex billingsiiBillings’s SedgeWet, boggy areas.NL (Newfoundland) and ON south to s. NJ (Ocean County), ne. PA, and MI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex breviculmisBlue SedgeCemeteries, lawns, disturbed areas.Native of e. Asia, se. Asia, and Australia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex brysoniiBryson’s SedgeMesic forests.Endemic to the Cumberland Plateau and adjacent Coastal Plain of n. AL (falsely reported for MS).
CyperaceaeCarex bulbostylisGlobose SedgeMoist deciduous forests, prairies, open meadows, especially in calcareous areas.MS west to TX and OK; disjunct in sw. TN.
CyperaceaeCarex calcifugensHalfsweet SedgeRich bluff forests, evergreen maritime forests, rich soils over coquina limestone or shell middens.Se. NC south to Panhandle FL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cephaloideaHeady SedgeForests over calcareous or other high pH substrates.NB, ON, and MN south to WV (Vanderhorst et al. 2019), OH, IN, IL, and IA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex deweyana var. deweyanaDewey's SedgeRich, rocky forests.NL west to AK, south to n. NJ, PA, ne. OH, n. IL, IA, SD, NM, and ID.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex diandraLesser Tussock SedgeSwamps, bogs, peaty sedge meadows, especially over limestone.Circumboreal, south in North America to w. MD, PA, TN, OH, IL, CO, CA; also reported from TN on the basis of a destroyed specimen.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex distansDisturbed areas.Introduced in MD and PA; native of Eurasia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex foeneaHay SedgeDry woodlands.NL (Labrador) and NL (Newfoundland) west to YT, south to CT, NY, s. NJ, PA, MI, and ID.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex hyalinaBottomland forests.TN, AR, and OK, south to MS, LA, and TX.
CyperaceaeCarex lucorumNorthern Woodland SedgeMoist forests.NB west to MN, south to MD (Cecil County; C. Frye, pers. comm. based on specimen at DOV), DE (Knapp et al. 2011), and PA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex michauxianaMichaux's SedgeBogs, seeps, usually in Sphagnum.NL (Labrador) and MB south to MA, n. MI, n. WI, n. MN, and SK; disjunct in w. MD.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex muricata ssp. lamprocarpaFields, pastures, lawns, disturbed areas.A European alien, with known occurrences south to e. PA (Rhoads & Block 2007) and MD.
CyperaceaeCarex muskingumensisMuskingum SedgeFloodplain forests.ON and MN south to KY, TN, e. AR, and OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex ouachitanaOuachita Mountain SedgeDry to dry-mesic slope and ridge forests.Disjunct in nc. TN and sc. KY from the Interior Highlands of w. AR and e. OK.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex paeninsulaeE.L. Bridges & Orzell, Peninsula SedgeMesic hammocks.Endemic to FL peninsula, north into ne. FL (Suwanee and Duval counties).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex pseudocyperusFlatsedge SedgeCalcareous swamps and marshes.NL west to AB, south to n. NJ, ne. and nw. PA, n. OH, n. IN, WI, MN, and SD.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex reznicekiiReznicek’s SedgeDry to mesic forests and woodlands.RI, NY, PA, KY, and MO, south to SC, sw. GA, se. AL, Panhandle FL, n. MS and AR. To be expected in WV.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex retrorsaBottomland forests and nutrient-rich moist forests.NB and BC, south to n. NJ, sc. PA, IL, UT; reported, apparently erroneously, for DE and MD.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex richardsoniiRichardson’s SedgeOpen meadows over serpentine; westwards in moist prairies, hill prairies, sand dunesVT west to AB, south to DC, MD, OH, IN, IA, and SD.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sartwelliiSartwell’s SedgeBottomland and mesic upland prairies.QC west to BC, south to PA, OH, IN, IL, MO, CO, and ID.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex siccataBronze SedgeDry upland habitats.ME and NT south to NJ, WV, OH, IL, MN, and AZ.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex austrodeflexaCanebrake SedgeCanebrakes and acid swamps, very wet loamy pine savannas.Coastal Plain, from se. VA to Panhandle FL, west to s. AL; apparently disjunct in w. LA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex fumosimontanaSmoky Mountain SedgeSeepages at high elevations.Endemic to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Cocke and Sevier counties, TN, Swain County, NC), specifically Clingmans Dome, Mount LeConte, and Mount Guyot.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex spicataFields, lawns, cracks in sidewalks.Native of Europe and w. Asia. Reported as south to s. NJ, n. DE, c. MD. VA reports said to be erroneous in FNA, but correct records have happened since.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex sprengeliiSprengel's Sedge, Long-beaked SedgeCalcareous forests, woodlands, outcrops, and prairies.QC west to AK, south to n. NJ, e. PA (Rhoads & Block 2007), n. DE (FNA), OH, IN, IL, MO, and NM.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex thorneiMesic deciduous forests, often in the upper floodplain.Endemic to the drainage of the Apalachicola/Chattahoochee and Flint in s. GA and s. AL south to Panhandle FLimage of plant
CyperaceaeCarex timidaTimid SedgeCalcareous, dry to mesic woodlands and forests.Scattered and disjunct, from OH, IN, s. IL, and s. MO to KY, TN, n. AL, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex wiegandiiWiegand's SedgeBogs.NL west to ON, south to MA, nc. PA, MI.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex fraserianaFraser's Sedge, Lily-leaf SedgeCove forests, mostly rather acidic and associated with Rhododendron maximum, at moderate elevations.A Southern and Central Appalachian endemic: w. MD and s. PA south through w. VA and WV to w. NC, e. TN, nw. SC, and n. GA (Jones & Coile 1988).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cryptolepisYellow SedgeAcid, boggy sites.NL west to MN, south to NJ, NY, s. OH, c. IN, and ne. IL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex arkansanaArkansas SedgeBottomland forests, other wet forests and damp prairies, oak flatwoods, (in VA) in seasonally wet meadow in former railroad yard.Native range from s. IL, n. MO, and e. KS south through AR and OK to e. TX. See Simmons, Strong, & Parrish (2008) for additional information on the Virginia occurrence.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex cumulataDry to wet acid barrens and glades.NL west to SK, south to NJ, PA, IN, and IL.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex lividaBogs and fens.Circumboreal, south in North America to s. NJ, NY, MI, IN, MN, CO, and CA; also disjunct in Panama and South America.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex viridistellataCalcareous fens.C. MI and n. IN south to extreme s. OH and c. IN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex arctaNorthern Cluster SedgeSeasonally wet swamps and wet forests, meadows.NL west to AK, south to NY, nw. PA, ec. OH, MI, WI, MN, WY, ID, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex aureaGolden-fruited SedgeWet calcareous sites, prairies, swamps, shores, and disturbed areas.NL west to AK, south to NY, nw. PA, s. OH, s. IN, s. IL, MN, KS, TX, NM, AZ, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex chordorrhizaCreeping SedgeBogs.NL to AK, south to w. MA, nc. PA, n. IN, ne. IL, nc. IA, nc. ND, MT, WA, and nw. OR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex crawfordiiCrawford's SedgeSwamps and marshes, open dryish sandy areas; southwards in disturbed areas such as railroad yards (in MO).NL west to AK, south to n. NJ, ne. PA, MI, n. IL, IA, CO, ID, and OR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex dispermaSoft-leaved SedgeBogs, acidic swamps.Circumboreal, south in North America to n. NJ, c. PA, n. OH, n. IN, ne. IL, MN, SD, NM, AZ, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex duriusculaSpikerush SedgeApparently a waif in urban St. Louis, MO.Native of w. and nc. North America, east to n. IL.
CyperaceaeCarex formosaHandsome SedgeDry, calcareous forests.QC west to ND, south to n. NJ, c. PA, nw. OH, ne. IL, and MN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex garberiGarber's Sedge, Elk SedgeSandy swales and calcareous gravel shores.NL (Labrador) west to AK, south to NY, nw. PA, n. OH, nw. IN, ne. IL, n. MN, ND, MT, ID, and OR. In the northeastern United States, this taxon is at its southern limit within the Great Lakes region. It is only known from our area in Erie County, PA (S. Grund, pers. comm., 2022). In this area of nw. PA and adjacent areas of w. NY, Carex garberi is rare and grows atop calcareous rocks and escarpments associated with large rivers and other bodies of water, as well as in calcareous fens and similar seepages.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex geyeriGeyer's SedgeLimestone bluff.AB and BC south to NM, AZ, and n. CA; disjunct in c. PA (Centre County).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex gynocratesNorthern Bog SedgeFens, calcareous seeps.Greenland, Baffin Island, and Alaska south to ME, NY, w. PA (an old collection by Goldie), MI, WI, MN, ND, NM, UT, NV, and OR; Siberia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex heliophilaPlains SedgeDry to mesic upland forests, sandy, loamy, or loess prairies.ON west to BC, south to MI, IN, IL, MO, OK, NM, and WA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex laeviconicaSmooth-cone SedgeMoist forests and wetlands.ON west to SK, south to IL, MO, KS, and MT.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex latebracteataWaterfall's SedgeEndemic to the Ouachita Mountains of AR and OK.
CyperaceaeCarex pauperculaBoreal Bog SedgeSphagnum bogs, boggy swamps.Circumboreal, south in North America to n. NJ, c. PA, MI, WI, MN, NM, and WA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex merrittfernaldiiDry sandy and other acid places.NB west to MB, south to NY (Long Island), n. OH, s. WI, and MN.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex missouriensisMissouri SedgePrairie swales.Wc. IN, IL west through s. IA and MO to se. NE and e. KSimage of plant
CyperaceaeCarex nebrascensisNebraska SedgeWet meadows, swamps, moist areas.Native of the western Great Plains and Rocky Mountains.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex ozarkanaOzark SedgeSeeps, streambanks, depressions in prairies.AR and e. OK south to n. LA and e. TX.
CyperaceaeCarex peckiiPeck's SedgeMesic to dry calcareous rocky slopes and open forests, alvars.Boreal North America, reaching furthest south to n. NJ, NY, n. OH, s. MI, s. WI, e. IA, NE, CO, and BC.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex perdentataSandstone SedgeThin soils over sandstone, granite, or limestone, juniper-hardwood woodlands.OK south to c. TX.
CyperaceaeCarex planostachysCedar SedgeJuniper woodlands.AR and OK south to TX and Mexico (CHP, CHH, COA, DGO, GTO, MEX, NLE, OAX, PUE, SLP, TAM, TLX, ZAC).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex shinnersiiShinners's SedgeEphemeral wetlands.KS south through w. AR and OK to ne. TX.
CyperaceaeCarex tetrastachyaFour-angle SedgeWet prairies and swamps over calcareous substrates.OK south to LA and TX.
CyperaceaeCarex viridula ssp. viridulaGreen SedgeCalcareous sand flats, pond shores, fens.Circumboreal, south in North America to n. NJ, e. PA, nw. PA, c. OH, n. IN, ne. IL, WI, SD, NM, UT, and CA.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex viridula ssp. oedocarpaWet, acid areas.Native of Europe.
CyperaceaeCarex echinodesBottomland forests.QC west to MB, south to CT, s. OH, s. IN, IL, MO, and e. NE.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex edwardsianaEdwards Plateau SedgeRavine slopes over calcareous substrates.Nearly endemic to the Edwards Plateau, but edging into the Blackland Prairie region.
CyperaceaeCarex species 3Fen SedgeUltramafic fens.Endemic (so far as is known) to the Glades, Alleghany County, NC and Grayson County, VA.
CyperaceaeCarex species 4Thin soils over acidic gneiss.Endemic (so far as is known) to Alleghany County, NC.
CyperaceaeCarex species 5In seepage in thin soils over granite and granitic gneiss.Buncombe County NC south to Greenville County, SC and Rabun County, GA.
CyperaceaeCarex paniceaGrasslike SedgeWet to dry, usually sandy, acidic fields.Native of Europe.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex flaccaGlaucous Creeping SedgeDepression in successional woodlands.Native of Europe. Reported for Portage County, OH (Riley, Vincent, & Widrlechner 2020).image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex bullata var. greeneiGreene's SedgeHighly acidic wetlands, primarily in the Coastal Plain.NS south to e. GA, with scattered outliers inland, as in OH, w. NC, ne. TN, Eastern Highland Rim of TN, ne. MS, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex species 6Balsam SedgeSpruce-fir forests, northern hardwoods forests, and grassy balds.W. NC and e. TN.
CyperaceaeCarex species 7Moderate to high elevation oak, acid coves, and other hardwood forests.Southern Appalachians and nearby, lower elevation provinces, the distribution still poorly known, probably VA and KY south to SC, GA, and AL.
CyperaceaeCarex species 8Northern hardwood forests.South to Blackwater Falls State Park, WV.
CyperaceaeCarex ignotaIncognito Sedge, Incognito Lined SedgeMesic slope and ravine forests, upper terraces of floodplains in bottomland hardwood forests.E. SC south to n. FL, west to w. TN, e. TX, and AR.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex secalinaRye SedgeNative of Europe.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex distentaWidow SedgeWaif on ballast.
CyperaceaeCarex douglasiiApparently a waif in urban St. Louis, MO.Native of w. North America.
CyperaceaeCarex macrocephalaSandy beaches.Native of e. Asia.image of plant
CyperaceaeCarex macrostachys
CyperaceaeCarex melanostachyaDitches and wet or moist disturbed areas.Native of Eurasia.
CyperaceaeCarex ×deamiiBottomland forests.WV west to MO.image of plant

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