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27 results for More search options
FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
AspleniaceaeAsplenium abscissum var. abscissumCutleaf SpleenwortLimestone sinkholes.Mexico, Central America, and n. South America; West Indies; nc. and c. FL peninsula; s. FL; n. AL.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium bradleyiBradley's SpleenwortDry outcrops of felsic sedimentary or metasedimentary rocks, such as sandstone, quartzite, or metaquartzite, at low to moderate elevations.Se. NY, PA, MD, OH, KY, s. IL, and MO south to c. NC, c. GA, AL, TN, and AR, reaching its greatest abundance in the Ozarkian highlands.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium ×ebenoidesScott's SpleenwortMoist outcrops of calcareous sedimentary rocks, such as limestone, dolostone, and on coquina limestone (shell marl), at low elevations.VT, NJ, c. PA, OH, s. IL, and MO south to e. VA, w. NC, nw. GA, c. AL, TN, and AR.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium heterochroumBicolored SpleenwortFairly moist outcrops of calcareous sedimentary rocks, such as coquina limestone (‘marl’).Se. and sc. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), se. SC south to n. FL; West Indies; s. Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz), Belize. Reports of this species from GA (Jones & Coile 1988) appear to be based on misidentifications of Asplenium heteroresiliens (M. Medley, pers.comm. 2022).image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium heteroresiliensMarl Spleenwort, Carolina Spleenwort, Wagner's Spleenwort, Morzenti's SpleenwortFairly moist outcrops of calcareous sedimentary rocks, such as coquina limestone (‘marl’), along small blackwater streams or larger rivers, at low elevations, and rarely also on old ruins made of tabby (a cement made from lime, sand, and oyster shells).Rare and scattered from se. NC to se. GA, sw. GA, and n. FL, on the Coastal Plainimage of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium monanthesSingle-sorus SpleenwortMoist calcareous situations, in the mountains in moist grottoes of calcareous to semi-calcareous metamorphic rocks (such as mylonite or marble) near waterfalls in humid escarpment gorges with high rainfall, on limestone talus in collapsed sinkhole mouth, or on moist Coastal Plain limestone outcrops.Scattered in highly humid (montane or maritime) parts of the tropics, subtropics, and warm temperate areas, known from se. and sw. North America, the West Indies (Hispaniola and Jamaica), n. South America, Central America, Mexico, South Africa, Hawaii, and the Azores, Madeira Islands, Madagascar, and the Philippines. In the continental United States, it is known from widely scattered sites with humid and calcareous microhabitats: humid escarpment gorges in Transylvania County, NC and Oconee County, SC; moist limestone outcrops in n. peninsular and Panhandle FL (Nelson 2000); limestone talus in the collapsed mouth of a sinkhole in Jackson County, AL; and the Huachuca Mountains, Cochise County, AZ.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium montanumMountain SpleenwortMoist to dry outcrops of metamorphic, sedimentary, or igneous rocks, such as gneiss, schist, amphibolite, quartzite, rhyolite, sandstone, mostly at moderate to high elevations (up to over 2000 m), but in the Piedmont to as low as 150 m.Primarily Appalachian: s. VT, MA, NY, OH, and KY south to c. NC, n. GA and AL; disjunct in the Ozarkian highlands of e. MO (Peck 2011)image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium pinnatifidumLobed SpleenwortFairly moist to very dry outcrops of felsic sedimentary or (mostly low-grade) metamorphic rocks, such as sandstone, phyllite, and schist, at low to moderate elevations.NY (historically), NJ, se. PA, wc. PA, s. OH, IN, IL, and MO south to w. NC, c. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), AL, n. MS, AR, and e. OK.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium platyneuronEbony SpleenwortMoist to dry soils of forests, woodlands, old fields; also on outcrops, especially of calcareous rocks and in masonry crevices, at low to moderate elevations.QC, ON, se. MN, IA, and se. CO south to FL, TX, NM, and AZ (and varieties or relatives reported from Central and South America); Slovakia; South Africa.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium resiliensBlackstem SpleenwortMoist to dry outcrops of calcareous sedimentary or metamorphic rocks, such as limestone, dolostone, coquina, or marble, sometimes on narrow seams of calcareous materials in otherwise acidic rocks, rarely on mortar or concrete, mostly at low to moderate elevations, but remarkably on Grandfather Mountain at over 1800 m.Sc. PA, sw. OH, KY, s. IL, MO, se. KS, OK, TX, CO, and s. NV south to FL, TX, AZ, and Mexico; West Indies; Central America and South America.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium rhizophyllumWalking FernMoist outcrops of calcareous sedimentary, calcareous metamorphic, or mafic metamorphic rocks, such as limestone, dolostone, calcareous siltstone, amphibolite, mostly at low to moderate elevations, rarely to 1500 m or higher.S. QC, ON and se. MN south to c. GA, AL, MS, AR, OK, and IA.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium ruta-muraria var. cryptolepisAmerican Wall-rueMoist to dry outcrops of calcareous sedimentary or metamorphic rocks, such as limestone, dolostone, or marble, at low to moderate elevations.A. ruta-muraria is a circumboreal species of Europe, Asia, and North America; in North America it ranges as var. cryptolepis from VT, s. ON and n. MI south to n. NJ, w. NC, nw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), n. AL, TN, and AR (Peck 2011).image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium scolopendrium var. americanumAmerican Hart's-tongue FernLimited to humid limestone sinkholes in our region, but also reported as naturalized in a well in MD by Reed (1953).E. TN and n. AL, and in other habitats farther north in c. NY, n. MI, and ON; also in the West Indies (Haiti), n. and s. Mexico (CHP, COA, NLE, OAX), and NM (Testo et al. 2021).image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium septentrionaleForked Spleenwort, Northern SpleenwortAcidic rocks.Western North America south into nw. Mexico (Baja California), Asia, Europe; nw. Africa; disjunct in WV (Hardy and Monroe counties) and the AR Ozarks (Magazine Mountain, Arkansas Valley) (Peck 2011).image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium quadrivalensMaidenhair SpleenwortMoist outcrops of calcareous sedimentary rocks, such as limestone or dolostone.A. quadrivalens is known from North America and Eurasia (at least); in North America it is substantially rarer than diploid A. trichomanes and more limited in range, occurring from New England, s. ON, and AK south to w. VA, OH, and s. IL, and in BC, WA, and OR.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium trichomanesMaidenhair SpleenwortMoist outcrops of slightly to strongly calcareous sedimentary or metamorphic rocks and moderately to strongly mafic metamorphic and igneous rocks, such as limestone, dolostone, mafic and intermediate gneisses and schists, amphibolite, most typically in strong shade, as under overhangs.A. trichomanes as a whole is a complex, with diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid elements, occurring in North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia. A. trichomanes s.s. is known to occur in Europe and North America (at least); in North America, it ranges from NL (Newfoundland) to BC, south to NC, c. GA (Jones & Coile 1988), c. AL, AR, OK, w. TX, CHI, se. AZ, and w. OR.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium trudelliiTrudell's SpleenwortMoist outcrops of felsic sedimentary or metamorphic rocks, such as sandstone, phyllite, schist, at low elevations.N. NJ, sw. PA, s. OH, and s. IL south to w. NC, c. GA, n. AL; recently located west of the Mississippi River in Baxter County, n. AR (Peck 2011).image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium tutwileraeTutwiler’s SpleenwortCrevices of calcareous conglomerate.So far as is known, A. tutwilerae, the fertile allotetraploid of A. ×ebenoides, is limited to a single population in Hale County, AL; however Peck (2011) reported a population from Garland County, AR, which produces viable spores, and may prove to be a second station of the fertile tetraploidimage of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium verecundumModest Spleenwort, Delicate SpleenwortMoist limestone outcrops, grottoes, and sinkholes.Endemic to FL, from n. and Panhandle FL (Columbia, Jackson, Liberty, Taylor counties) southward (Wunderlin & Hansen 2004) and also in Cuba.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium scolopendrium var. scolopendriumEuropean Hart’s-tongue FernSparsely naturalized from cultivation; reported as naturalized in a well in MD by Reed (1953).Native of Europe.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium cristatumHemlock SpleenwortHammocks, usually on limestone.Peninsular FL (north to Alachua County); West Indies; Mexico south through Central America to South America.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium dentatumSlender SpleenwortOn limestone in hammocks.FL peninsula (north to Volusia County); West Indies; s. Mexico (CAM, CHP, VER, YUC) south through Central America to n. South America.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium auritumEared SpleenwortEpiphytic in hammocks, strand swamps, especially on Quercus virginiana, Fraxinus cubensis, and Annona glabra.FL peninsula (north to Flagler County); West Indies; Mexico (CHP, HGO, OAX, PUE, QRO, SLP, TAB, VER) south through Central America to South America.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium plenumRuffled SpleenwortOn moist, shaded limestone.Endemic in n. peninsular FL.
AspleniaceaeAsplenium pumilumDwarf Spleenwort, Chervil SpleenwortOn limestone in hammocks.N. peninsular FL; West Indies; Mexico south through Central America to South America.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium serratumWild Bird’s-nest FernMoist hammocks, rockland hammocks, strand swamps.FL peninsula (north to Volusia County); s. Mexico (CHP, OAX, TAB, VER) south through Central America to South America; West Indies.image of plant
AspleniaceaeAsplenium curtissiiCurtiss’s SpleenwortMoist, shaded limestone rocks.Endemic in s. and c. peninsular FL.

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