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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
GentianaceaeGentiana andrewsii var. andrewsiiPrairie Closed GentianMeadows, seeps, forest edges, freshwater marshes, open-canopied swamps.NH, s. QC, MN, and s. MB, south to s. MD, WV, MO and WY; earlier reports of it as far south as GA or NC (as by F and G) are apparently based on misidentifications.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana andrewsii var. dakoticaWestern Closed Bottle Gentian, Dakota GentianUpland prairies, glades, forest openings.MB and SK south through MN, ND, SD, w. IL, IA, and NE to s. MO.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana austromontanaBlue Ridge GentianMountain forests and grassy balds, especially at medium to high elevations, but descending to ca. 600 m (2200 feet).A Southern Appalachian endemic: s. WV and sw. VA south to w. NC and ne. TN.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana autumnalisPinebarren GentianLongleaf pine savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhills, pine barrens, in a variety of sites varying from moist to very xeric, in se. VA, NC, and SC nearly always associated with Pinus palustris and/or Aristida stricta.This species is a "bimodal endemic", occurring in s. NJ and adjacent DE (at least formerly), and from se. VA south through e. NC to nc. SC.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana catesbyiCoastal Plain GentianPocosins, moist longleaf pine savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages.S. NJ south to ne. FL and e. Panhandle FL, on the Coastal Plain.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana clausaMeadow Closed Gentian, Meadow Bottle GentianForests.Mostly Appalachian: ME south to w. NC and ne. TN, extending east and west to adjacent physiographic provinces.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana decoraAppalachian GentianForests.A Southern Appalachian endemic: c. WV south through w. VA to w. NC, e. TN, nw. SC, ne. GA.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana flavidaPale GentianMoist meadows, prairies, glades, openings in mesic forests.MI west to MN, south to n. AR; with scattered disjunctions eastward to PA, OH, WV, KY, and w. NC.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana latidensBalsam Mountain GentianMoist, often seeping, more or less open sites on rocky slopes.Restricted to the higher mountains of NC south of Asheville, NC (Haywood, Jackson, Macon, and Transylvania counties).image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana linearisNarrowleaf GentianOpenings in spruce-fir forests, seeps, bogs, and swamp forests at high elevations.Mainly occurring in ne. United States and e. Canada, west to Lake Superior, and south (scattered) in the Appalachians to sw. VA (in openings in spruce-fir forest near summit of Whitetop Mountain) and e. TN (Chester, Wofford, & Kral 1997). On Mount LeConte (Sevier County, TN), G. linearis occurs in thin soils around high elevation outcrops of Anakeesta Slate. See Pringle (1977) for extensive discussion of actual and putative southern occurrences of this species.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana pennellianaWiregrass GentianPine flatwoods.Endemic to Panhandle FL (Bay, Calhoun, Franklin, Dadsden, Gulf, Leon, Liberty, Wakulla, and Walton counties).image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana puberulentaPrairie Gentian, Downy GentianPrairies, glades, open woodlands, usually over calcareous substrates.W. NY west to ND, south to KY, sc. TN (Coffee County) (Chester, Wofford, & Kral 1997), LA, n. AR, and KS. Reports for WV are unconfirmed (Harmon, Ford-Werntz, & Grafton 2006).image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana saponariaSoapwort Gentian, HarvestbellsBogs, marshes, wet hardwood forests, other moist to wet habitats.NY west to n. IL, south to Panhandle FL and e. TX.image of plant
GentianaceaeGentiana villosaStriped GentianUpland forests, sandhill/pocosin ecotones.Se. PA west to n. KY and w. TN, south to Panhandle FL and e. LA.image of plant

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